Showing posts with label health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label health. Show all posts

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Sales of ivory to be banned in the United Kingdom.

MSN reports the sale of ivory is to be banned in the United Kingdom. It is part of the UK government plan to help protect elephants as a humanitarian effort towards animal rights. The ban will cover ivory items of any age, not just containing new ivory. This will be the toughest ban in the UK to date.

The number of wild elephants has dropped by almost ⅓rd in the last decade. 20,000 elephants are slaughtered each year for their tusks which are valuable to poachers. Poachers hunt endangered species of elephants for their tusks. The international trade of illegal ivory is $16 billion (USD)/£17 billion (UK pounds) each year.

Legislation will be placed in soon as possible. 88% of UK citizens support the ban. It is unclear when the UK ban will come into effect. However UK citizens hope the ban will com into effect sometime by 2018. Parliament has not come to a conclusion or has made a final decision yet. 

What happened to Billy Calhoun from the Children Of Darkness documentary? (Revisited)

To rehash from the previous news article written by Michael Mixerr for Mixerr Reviews called “What happened to Billy Calhoun from the Children Of Darkness documentary?”, some words have been changed upon request from family members.

Patient William Calhoun (Billy Calhoun) was featured in the 1983 documentary called Children of Darkness. Billy Calhoun was the patient who was hurting himself so badly from his self-injurious behaviors and being escorted by orderlies around the hospital at the very beginning of the Children Of Darkness documentary.

Billy Calhoun was another star of the documentary as he was featured all over the place in regard to this documentary. Richard Kotuk focused a portion of his time filming Billy Calhoun due to his strange behavior. Billy Calhoun has a profound case of severe autism.

The Children of Darkness documentary was broadcasted nationally on television in the United States on PBS that same year. The Children of Darkness documentary explored the lack of mental health care in America for juvenile psychiatry. Many seriously emotionally disturbed youth were shown. Richard Kotuk filmed and directed Children of Darkness documentary.


William Calhoun (Billy Calhoun) was born in 1963. At the age of 4, he was labeled severely mentally retarded. He was then later diagnosed with autism. As a child, Billy was suffering from severe autism. His severe autism caused him to act out in an aggressive manner as he was dangerous around others and himself. His family could no longer handle him or his dangerous destructive behavior. At the age of 7, he was placed in a state institution called Sagamore Children’s Hospital. His mother, Mary Calhoun, saw him every week until she died. He was in a state of constant panic being unaware of what was going on around him.

During his stay as a patient at the Sagamore Children’s Hospital, his self-injurious behaviors worsened as he acted more aggressive towards staff. Every 2 to 3 hours, Billy would be “walked” by orderlies around the hospital so his muscles would not atrophy or deteriorate. Billy had attacked hospital staff and orderlies in the past as described in the documentary. Most of the time he was strapped to his bed at the time of during the filming session for this documentary. While at Sagamore Children’s Hospital, Billy underwent intense therapy while being in restraints for 2 ½ years long.

When he was 19, he was transferred over to South Beach Psychiatric Care Center in Brooklyn, New York. Since then he has stayed at that hospital which is not too far from South Beach Psychiatric Hospital.


Billy Calhoun is still alive and is now at the age of 54. Things have changed. Billy has undergone several behavioral interventions and therapy sessions. Some of his phases eventually passed. The lobotomy and shock therapy never happened. As a result, Billy Calhoun now receives 24 hour care around the clock. He is well cared for.

The self-injurious behaviors and self-destructive behavior is still evident and present. Just to a level that lets him function to the point where he can function to be not as aggressive or dangerous as he once was earlier in his lifetime. Billy is now heavily medicated by fair amounts of drugs.

Things have changed, but we can never undo the abuse, trauma, pain, suffering, and torture he went through as a child. What happened there is beyond words.

Krawchyk School history of Manitoba, Canada forgotten.

Krawchyk School was an elementary school that operated from 1911 to 1998 in the city of Winnipeg. St. James-Assiniboia School Division owned and operated Krawchyk School for operated for 87 years.

Krawchyk School was originally built to educate students in grades 1 to 3. The original building had one entrance for boys and one for girls with separate staircases. These were two stairs cases inside the school. An addition later was added on the south side of the building. The connecting wing and gym was added on the north side of the building.

Sometime later during the 20th century is when 4th grade added to this school. The homeroom for the 4th grade class was located right to the library in a straight shotgun styled hallway. The two doors at the end of the hallway led down to the gym.

The school closed in 1998. Krawchyk School was 1 of 26 schools that the James-Assiniboia School Division had closed within the last 40 years. The school sat vacant for 11 years before getting demolished on the date of February 6, 2009.

During demolition is when all the ballasts were removed. Ballasts contain toxic PCBs so they are removed before general demolition. Only older ballasts made prior to the 1980's were considered toxic. The newer ones were not so much.

Krawchyk School was located at 1950 Pacific Avenue West, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Indigenous Indian history of Peace Point, Alberta, Canada explored.

Peace Point has been occupied by boreal forest and plains over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada. Indigenous peoples were said to have occupied the land over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Beaver Indians were first among the indigenous tribes to have first occupied this land. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada.

*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, The formation of artifact assemblages at workshop/habitation sites: models from Peace Point in northern Alberta, American Antiquity 5063-8 1, 1985)
*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, Window on the Past: Archaeological Assessment of the Peace
Point Site, Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, 1986)


Peace Point was founded by the Cree Indians in 1750. In the mid-1750s, the Cree tribe was the first among Indian tribes of Canada to obtain access to firearms. The Cree tribe displaced the Beaver Indians to the northwest.

By 1760, the western front of Cree expansion eventually pushed the Danezaa people to the north and west. This led to what was called The Cree-Danezaa conflicts. The Cree-Danezaa conflicts lasted for 2 decades until the smallpox epidemic in 1781 decimated the Cree Indian Tribe in the region. The Cree Tribe displaced the Beaver Indians.

The Cree-Danezaa conflicts were resolved with a peace treaty in 1782, a year after the smallpox epidemic in 1781 wiped out nearly the entire population of the Danezaa people and Cree tribe. The peace treat was ratified in the same year. A peace pipe ceremony was held at Peace Point. Peace Point was the site of a peace agreement between the Cree and Chipewyan in 1784.

Peace River served as a boundary for both indigenous Indian tribes. The river became the boundary with the Danezaa tribe on the left bank (to the north and west) and the Cree tribe on the right bank (the south and east). Peace River served as a cultural boundary between the two indigenous tribes.

Much controversy has arisen over the displacement of aboriginal groups from their traditional territories at the outset of the fur trade during the 18th century. This never has been resolved.


By the beginning of the 21st century, less than 20 people were living in the small settlement of Peace Point. Industry Canada shows that Peace Point had a total population of 15 people in 2001 within the rural area. 15 people were living within 6 dwellings in where they reside. Many still speak the Cree language.
(Ref: Industry Canada, 2001)

Today in the 21st century, Peace Point is an unincorporated community in Alberta, Canada within Wood Buffalo National Park. Peace Point is a historical settlement with historic value.

History of Peace Point, Alberta, Canada explored and explained.

Peace Point has been occupied by boreal forest and plains over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada. Indigenous peoples were said to have occupied the land over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Beaver Indians were first among the indigenous tribes to have first occupied this land. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada.

*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, The formation of artifact assemblages at workshop/habitation sites: models from Peace Point in northern Alberta, American Antiquity 5063-8 1, 1985)
*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, Window on the Past: Archaeological Assessment of the Peace
Point Site, Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, 1986)


Peace Point was founded by the Cree Indians in 1750. In the mid-1750s, the Cree tribe was the first among Indian tribes of Canada to obtain access to firearms. The Cree tribe displaced the Beaver Indians to the northwest.

By 1760, the western front of Cree expansion eventually pushed the Danezaa people to the north and west. This led to what was called The Cree-Danezaa conflicts. The Cree-Danezaa conflicts lasted for 2 decades until the smallpox epidemic in 1781 decimated the Cree Indian Tribe in the region. The Cree Tribe displaced the Beaver Indians.

The Cree-Danezaa conflicts were resolved with a peace treaty in 1782, a year after the smallpox epidemic in 1781 wiped out nearly the entire population of the Danezaa people and Cree tribe. The peace treat was ratified in the same year. A peace pipe ceremony was held at Peace Point. Peace Point was the site of a peace agreement between the Cree and Chipewyan in 1784.

Peace River served as a boundary for both indigenous Indian tribes. The river became the boundary with the Danezaa tribe on the left bank (to the north and west) and the Cree tribe on the right bank (the south and east). Peace River served as a cultural boundary between the two indigenous tribes.

Much controversy has arisen over the displacement of aboriginal groups from their traditional territories at the outset of the fur trade during the 18th century. This never has been resolved.

A man named Alexander Mackenzie set foot on in Peace Point while making a stop while traveling westwards towards the Yukon River on the date of October 12, 1792. Alexander Mackenzie came from Scotland, United Kingdom of Great Britain. Alexander Mackenzie's overnight stop was on the date of October 13, 1792.

*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, Window on the Past: Archaeological Assessment of the Peace
Point Site, Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, 1986)

People from Fort Chipewyan brought their horses to Peace Point to graze upon its extensive prairie in the 18th century. Most of these people emigrated from Scotland and England during the 18th century to Fort Chipewyan. From here they migrated to Peace Point.


More people and settlers from Scotland came from Fort Chipewyan during the 19th century. The population of Peace Point began shrinking in the 20th century. The settlement had a population of 200 at one point.

By the beginning of the 21st century, less than 20 people were living in the small settlement of Peace Point. Industry Canada shows that Peace Point had a total population of 15 people in 2001 within the rural area. 15 people were living within 6 dwellings in where they reside.
(Ref: Industry Canada, 2001)

Today in the 21st century, Peace Point is an unincorporated community in Alberta, Canada within Wood Buffalo National Park. Peace Point is a historical settlement with historic value. Many still speak the Cree language.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital in St. John’s, Newfoudland, Canada forgotten.

In 1966, Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was built as a 4 story children's hospital in St. John’s, Newfoudland, Canada. Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was originally named the Dr. Charles Alderson Janeway Child Health Centre after Charles Alderson Janeway. Dr. Charles Alderson was hugely responsible for helping establish this children’s hospital.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was established on the old US Military Base Hospital at Fort Pepperell. In fact, Pleasantville Janeway Hospital used to be the Fort Pepperell US Military Hospital, but was converted into a new children's hospital in 1966. Pleasantville Janeway Hospital operated as a children’s hospital for 30 years until 1996.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital went under several names over the years when it operated as a children’s hospital such as, Pleasantville Janeway Hospital, Janeway Children's Health and Rehabilitation Centre, Dr. Charles Alderson Janeway Child Health Centre, Pleasantville Janeway Children’s Hospital, Pleasantville Janeway, Janeway Children’s Hospital, and Janeway Hospital.

This children's hospital helped children and infants who suffered from serious health conditions get better and continue a healthy lifestyle ever year when it was in operation.

However this hospital faced conditions of overcrowding but there was not enough room to house the parents of children admitted to the hospital. No hotels were located near the hospital. Travel prices were a burden for many visiting parents who needed to be close(r) to their children.

Because of this among several other issues, St. Johns Northwest Rotary Club raised $2.5 million dollars to build the Rotary-Janeway Hostel in 1982 to relieve overcrowding at the children’s hospital. Rotary-Janeway Hostel was located across the street from the hospital. The hostel provided parents and families with a cheap and close place to stay. Rotary-Janeway Hostel charged parents and family members the cheap price of $32 dollars a night for a room and could check in 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

In 1996 the hospital to be part of a health complex at a nearby university after much need to expand its space to a growing population in Canada. After that the hospital was abandoned.

There was a fire in one of the wings on the main floor in 1997. Several ceiling tiles collapsed inside after the fire. Many wires were found hanging down. Nobody exactly knows what exactly caused or started the fire to this building complex.

The building is no longer extant today. All that is left now is a vacant field of green grass.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was located in St. John’s, Newfoudland and Labrador, Canada forgotten.

History of Uranium City High School in Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada isolated.

Uranium City School was one of Canada’s most infamous high schools and most infamous abandoned schools. Many fellow Canadians know the history about this school. However it has been isolated from the main roads of Saskatchewan. Uranium City High School provided secondary education.

Uranium City High School was built sometime during the 20th century. It is unclear exactly when or what year Uranium City High School was built. The principal for Uranium City High School was Jack Krieser throughout much of its history.

 Candu High School was built to replace the existing Uranium City High School building. The principal for Uranium City High School was Jack Krieser.

It was reported by Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan that Uranium City High School had higher than desirable levels of radon in the year of 1976. Providence council installed a temporary air exchange system. This was only a temporary solution. However a new school building needed to be built due to the undesirable levels of radon. Uranium City High School needed to be demolished.

Winnipeg Free Press stated, “Environmental officials said Thursday three schools in the northern Saskatchewan community of Uranium City have been closed because excessive radiation levels were found in two them. The officials told a news conference that radon gas, a type of radiation which is thought to promote lung cancer after exposure for long periods, was foundin excessive amounts in two schools.”
(Ref: Winnipeg Free Press, RADON FIND CLOSES 3 N. SASK. SCHOOLS REGINA, Page 63, Friday, March 5, 1976)

So the old Uranium City High School building was demolished in 1977 and the new Candu High School building was built in the same year. Construction took about a whole year to complete from 1977 to about 1978. Construction went throughout the summer.

In the fall of 1978 is when Candu High School opened. Candu High School was named after Canada's famous line of nuclear reactors. At first the school was called Uranium City High School before becoming Candu High School in 1979. Candu High School was the best-equipped high school in North Canada during its time as an operating school. It was and had been built for millions of dollars. The mine backfill was used for the school foundation.

Candu High School closed in 1982 at just 4 years old. It was just four years old when Uranium City folded as a city. The high school in Uranium City closed down due to lack of services available and dwindling enrollment of course. In 1983, the school was abandoned. The school sat vacant for years while all along becoming vandalized.

Today it is the most vandalized building in town. Every window has been shattered. Its wooden gym floor is all warped in waves since it’s been exposed to the chemical elements from radiation. All sinks are gone. Scrappers had removed all wiring. Books cover the floor to the library. Littered throughout the whole building are broken hockey sticks. (This is Canada after all.)

Uranium City School was located on Uranium Road, Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada.

History of Candu High School in Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada isolated.

Candu High School is one of Canada’s most infamous high schools and most infamous abandoned schools. Many fellow Canadians know the history about this school. However it has been isolated from the main roads of Saskatchewan. Candu High School provided secondary education.

Before there was ever a Candu High School, there was an Uranium City High School. Candu High School was built to replace the existing Uranium City High School building. The principal for Uranium City High School was Jack Krieser.

It was reported by Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan that Uranium City High School had higher than desirable levels of radon in the year of 1976. Providence council installed a temporary air exchange system. This was only a temporary solution. However a new school building needed to be built due to the undesirable levels of radon. Uranium City High School needed to be demolished.

As cited in the Ottawa Journal, “Officials said at first the radiation came from land fill but later in the news conference said it came from the ground but not necessarily the land fill. Further details on the source of radiation were not immediately available. Deputy Environment Minister Grant Mitchell said the only school with an acceptable radon level, Gilchrist School, was the only one with a functioning air exchange system. It was closed as a precautionary measure. He said the higher levels at the other schools could be traced to poor ventilation.” 

In houses with closed windows and no other ventilation system. Mr. Mitchell said air exchange systems are being installed at the schools and the schools will be reopened if checks Monday show acceptable radon levels. The radon levels were discovered as part of a general survey of areas where uranium has been or is being mined.”
(Ref: The Ottawa Journal, Page 22, Friday, March 5, 1976)

Winnipeg Free Press stated, “Environmental officials said Thursday three schools in the northern Saskatchewan community of Uranium City have been closed because excessive radiation levels were found in two them. The officials told a news conference that radon gas, a type of radiation which is thought to promote lung cancer after exposure for long periods, was found in excessive amounts in two schools.”
(Ref: Winnipeg Free Press, RADON FIND CLOSES 3 N. SASK. SCHOOLS REGINA, Page 63, Friday, March 5, 1976)


So the old Uranium City High School building was demolished in 1977 and the new Candu High School building was built in the same year. Construction took about a whole year to complete from 1977 to about 1978. Construction went throughout the summer.

In the fall of 1978 is when Candu High School opened. Candu High School was named after Canada's famous line of nuclear reactors. At first the school was called Uranium City High School before becoming Candu High School in 1979. Candu High School was the best-equipped high school in North Canada during its time as an operating school. It was and had been built for millions of dollars. The mine backfill was used for the school foundation.

Candu High School closed in 1982 at just 4 years old. It was just four years old when Uranium City folded as a city. The high school in Uranium City closed down due to lack of services available and dwindling enrollment of course. In 1983, the school was abandoned. The school sat vacant for years while all along becoming vandalized.


Today it is the most vandalized building in town. Every window has been shattered. Its wooden gym floor is all warped in waves since it’s been exposed to the chemical elements from radiation. All sinks are gone. Scrappers had removed all wiring. Books cover the floor to the library. Littered throughout the whole building are broken hockey sticks. (This is Canada after all.)

Candu High School is located on Uranium Road, Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada.

History of Gilchrist School in Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada forgotten.

Gilchrist School was an elementary school that was known as Gilchrist Elementary School that operated in Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada. The mine backfill was used for the school foundation.

As cited in the Ottawa Journal,  “Officials said at first the radiation came from land fill but later in the news conference said it came from the ground but not necessarily the land fill. Further details on the source of radiation were not immediately available. Deputy Environment Minister Grant Mitchell said the only school with an acceptable radon level, Gilchrist School, was the only one with a functioning air exchange system. It was closed as a precautionary measure. He said the higher levels at the other schools could be traced to poor ventilation.” 

In houses with closed windows and no other ventilation system. Mr. Mitchell said air exchange systems are being installed at the schools and the schools will be reopened if checks Monday show acceptable radon levels. The radon levels were discovered as part of a general survey of areas where uranium has been or is being mined.”
(Ref: The Ottawa Journal, Page 22, Friday, March 5, 1976)

Winnipeg Free Press stated, “Environmental officials said Thursday three schools in the northern Saskatchewan community of Uranium City have been closed because excessive radiation levels were found in two them. The officials told a news conference that radon gas, a type of radiation which is thought to promote lung cancer after exposure for long periods, was found In excessive amounts in two schools.”
(Ref: Winnipeg Free Press, RADON FIND CLOSES 3 N. SASK. SCHOOLS REGINA, Page 63, Friday, March 5, 1976)

So that meant high levels of radiation and radon effected the learning environment for Gilchrist School. Gilchrist School was the only school with a functioning air exchange system in that area. A Deputy Environment Minister shut down Gilchrist School for 1 month due to the high levels of radon.

The school building was burned down in the late 1990’s in a mysterious brush fire from a nearby forest. So only the concrete foundation remains. Nothing else remains.

Gilchrist School is located at the junction of Fredette Road & SK 962, Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Saturday, May 19, 2018

Former Riedel Environmental Services Superfund Site still heavily contaminated with PCBs.

Riedel Environmental Services Superfund Site was established in 1900. Over 50 industrial operations have occurred on the property since the 20th century. It was used by Riedel Environmental Services for hazardous waste spill clean up operations. The Superfund Site was condemned in 1986 during the 1985-1986 fiscal year after testing for contaminants turned up positive for heavy metals, asbestos, and other toxic chemicals were found on this site. It remains heavily contaminated with PCBs.

The University of Oregon - Portland bought the property from a after a $4.8 million deal to buy 35 acres of land adjacent to the Portland campus from Zidell's Triangle Park LLC in July 2005. The University of Oregon - Portland announced plans to buy the site so it could expand recreational and green space facilities for students and the surrounding neighborhood.

As of May 2018, the former Environmental Services Superfund Site is still heavily contaminated with PCBs among heavy metals. Heavy metals have caused soil erosion and pollution to the dirt. Today University of Oregon - Portland owns the site.

Riedel Environmental Services was located at 5300 North Bluff Street, Portland, Oregon, US 97203.

Inhumane conditions recorded to have plagued DC Village Infirmary.

What was intended as a nursing home for the elderly became a dumping ground for patients coming from other closed hospitals in the area located on sprawling hospital campus. The intentions of DC Village Infirmary were good, yet somehow had went sour.

DC Village Infirmary was a nursing home for elderly patients originally, but later became a homeless shelter. By then DC Village Infirmary served as a home for elderly patients and the homeless. Patients of the nursing home were living with bedbug-infested mattresses, mattresses were found on the floor, dormitories had been vehemently overrun by insects, quality of life, and poor food. Some patients even had scabies infections. Insect infestations were spread across the campus. DC Village Infirmary had non-functioning air-conditioning and heating units making it difficult for the patients to function.

DC Village ran illegally for years even with the city trying to shut it down. The city of Washington DC allowed DC Village to run all those years because of the lack of available healthcare options in that area during that time. DC Village Infirmary closed in 2007 because of inhumane conditions.

DC Village Infirmary was a snakepit similar to Willowbrook State School in New York and Pennhurst State School in Pennsylvania. DC Village Infirmary was akin to Willowbrook State School. In fact, DC Village was the “Willowbrook” of Washington DC.

DC Village was located at 1 DC Village Lane, Washington, District of Columbia, US.

Visting Chekika in Miami, Florida.

Chekika started out as a land holding owned by Mark Grossman. An attempt drilling for oil yielded an artesian well from a high-sulfur source of underground water, flooding the site and immediately creating an artificial lake.

Chekika was opened as a private park with swimming facilities on land owned by Mark Grossman in the 1940s. The high sulfur content in the water had good healing properties to the skin. The State of Florida operated Chekika as a state park until it was eventually given to the National Park Service.

Mark Grossman sold his land to the State of Florida in 1970 which led Chekika to become an Everglades National Park for which National Park Service operates and maintains. Sulfur was getting mixed into drinking water. So the well was capped. The park reopened in 2010.

Chekika is located at 24200 SW 160 Street, Miami, Florida, US 33187.

Arizona Tanning Co. Building history finally revealed.

For many years, people wanted to known the history behind Arizona Tanning Co. Well now people will! This news article provides a brief summary behind the history of Arizona Tanning Co.

In 1972, Arizona Tanning Co was built at a construction cost of $500,000 on the Gila River Indian Tribe grounds. 15 to 20 male employees were recruited from the Gila River Indian Reservation. Sessions were $50 a month. Marianne Tabaca was the owner along with the Gila River Indian Reservation & Gila River Indian Tribe. Arizona Tanning Co. transformed cow hides into leather.

Arizona Tanning Co. closed down in 1991 after property was deemed an environmental hazard and a Superfund site due to the wealth of harsh and toxic substances (including hexavalent chromium) present in the soil surrounding the property.
(Ref: Arizona Tanning Company Building, Benjamin Leatherman, Phoenix News Times, February 13, 2012)

Arizona Tanning Co was demolished in June 2014. No remnants can be found.

Arizona Tanning Co. was located at AZ 87 & Moffet Road, Sacaton, Arizona, US 85147.

The coolness of Sutro Baths explained.

The Sutro Baths were built in 1896. Sutro Baths was built at a time when public bathing places were the fashion. Customers often stated they could feel a cool slow gentle breeze of wind from the seaside. The cool water proved perfect for its customers to bathe in. Gentle wind breeze came in through a slow breeze. Sutro Baths was once known as the world’s largest indoor swimming pool.
The structure of Sutro Baths burned in 1966. Sutro Baths closed shortly thereafter. Today the US National Park Service owns Sutro Baths. The Sutro Baths structure is now open to all.

Sutro Baths is located at 680 Point Lobos Avenue, San Francisco, California, US 94121.

Behind the short history of the Delaware State Hospital - RE/RW building.

The RE/RW building for Delaware State Hospital was established by the county in the late 1800s and was established as a county hospital. The RE/RW building was taken over by the state when Delaware State Hospital was taken over by the state in 1889. The RE/RW building used for alcohol rehabilitation from 1889 to 2005.

The paintings in the hallways indicate that the building was used for alcohol rehabilitation. A map of the campus identifies it as the "RE/RW Building". The building was a clinic for alcohol rehabilitation much of the 20th century.

In 2005, the RE/RW building for the Delaware State Hospital was abandoned due to its unsafe flooring, air quality, and asbestos making the building unsafe for patients. The unsafe flooring led this building to be shut down. The extreme air quality inside caused mold to be spread in certain places in some areas across this building.

All of the abandoned buildings on the Delaware State Hospital campus were torn down at the end of February 2007. There is now nothing left at Delaware State Hospital. This was part of the Delaware State Hospital expansion plan.

Delaware State Hospital - RE/RW building was located at 1900 North Dupont Highway, New Castle, Delaware, US 19720.

Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Why we all need to remember Willowbrook State School.

We need to remember Willowbrook State School. Because Willowbrook State School was a breeding ground for all sorts of human rights violations due to its inhuman conditions. Many residents were mentally, emotionally, and physically abused during their stay there. Many residents were neglected and mistreated by direct care staff and head doctors. Residents were left to fend for themselves. Willowbrook State School was place where retarded people are sent to wait around until they die.


Willowbrook State School opened in 1947 as a state school operating as a state-supported institution for mentally disabled citizens in New York City, New York on Staten Island. In its first years of operation, the quality care began to slowly decline. Disease was spread rampantly. Hepatitis was common amongst state school residents. Residents were denied access to appropriate education and civil liberties.

In 1955, Willowbrook had a resident population of 4,000. By 1963, the institution was overpopulated at 6,000 clients over its original capacity of 4,000. At the end of 1963, population for the institution was over 6,400.

The nurses would administer sedatives three times a day. In extreme cases, the attendants would not hesitate to tie a resident to a chair with shoelaces or bedsheets. The attendants administered beatings whenever a resident got up to walk around or run throughout wards of whatever building.

Residents were injected with Hepatitis A for science experiments by researchers and doctors often without parental consent. Researchers deliberately infected children with hepatitis. This led to frequent outbreaks of hepatitis. At one point the school for Willowbrook State School was closed to new admissions, except for the Hepatitis program. This led to parents agreeing to allow their children to be the subjects of experiments. Overall parents and residents were given very little choice whether or not to participate in the program.

By 1965, Senator Robert F. Kennedy left touring the facility and called it a "snakepit". “The children living in filth and dirt, their clothing in rags, in rooms less comfortable and cheerful than the cages in which we put animals in a zoo.”

Then news reporter Geraldo Rivera exposed Willowbrook State School in 1972 on a news broadcast called “Willowbrook : The Last Great Disgrace”. Geraldo Rivera’s expose prompted the State of New York to launch several investigations of their state schools, state hospitals, sanitariums, and other institutions.

Carey vs. NYARC lawsuit is what led to many state institution such as Willowbrook State School to close down and receive the community based services we have today. But luckily the institution was shut down for good and put out of its misery for good by September 1987. Today the campus now houses College of Staten Island - New York. College of Staten Island - New York is located in the largest city in the United States called New York City and its nation’s capital for education. 


Willowbrook State School was located at 2800 Victory Boulevard, Staten Island, New York, US 10314.

Friday, May 4, 2018

Sale of ivory to be banned in the United Kingdom.

MSN reports the sale of ivory is to be banned in the United Kingdom. It is part of the UK government plan to help protect elephants as a humanitarian effort towards animal rights. The ban will cover ivory items of any age, not just containing new ivory. This will be the toughest ban in the UK to date.

The number of wild elephants has dropped by almost ⅓rd in the last decade. 20,000 elephants are slaughtered each year for their tusks which are valuable to poachers. Poachers hunt endangered species of elephants for their tusks. The international trade of illegal ivory is $16 billion (USD)/£17 billion (UK pounds) each year

Legislation will be placed in soon as possible. 88% of UK citizens support the ban. It is unclear when the UK ban will come into effect.

Sunday, April 15, 2018

Hydrogeological study of Maple Run Cave delayed.

A hydrogeological study of Maple Run Cave that scheduled to be completed was delayed by rain in April 2018. Both the hydrogeological study and the environmental study as part of the environmental study were delayed because of rain weather. Meteorologists spectate the March 2018 rain weather to be a contributing factor to have delayed the hydrogeological study of Maple Run Cave.

However environmental studies stopped due to rain and cold weather for now. Environmental studies will continue in May 2018 if weather permitting. Ecologists have found that Maple Run Cave connects to Goat Cave and Wade Cave inside Goat Cave Karst Preserve Park. Maple Run Cave is located in Austin, Texas, US.

Saturday, February 24, 2018

Medicaid rates for New York State prove to be the highest of all US States.

Today New York State has the highest Medicaid rates of all US States. Reimbursement rates for patients in institutional care was extremely high. Medicaid reimbursement rates for New York State remain at an all time high as of 2018. Medicaid rates for New York State presently account for 15% percent of the national total for the Medicaid program. However Medicaid rates for New York State covers only 8% percent of beneficiaries. New York State’s cost per person enrolled in the Medicaid program is $7,912 dollars per year on an annual basis.

Medicaid spending in New York was at $54.5 billion dollars for the 2013 FFY. Medicaid spending increased by an annual average of 1.3% percent which later on was lead by a 1.6% percent increase in 2014. These Medicaid rates provide coverage to millions of New Yorkers.

In March 23, 2017, New York State had received $59.8 billion dollars in Medicaid expansion. This year New York State plans to receive $60 billion dollars in Medicaid expansion. Much of which comes from federal funding.

New York is resetting its rate setting based structure based on a new waiver system. From now on, funding for Medicaid will be on a state basis. The governor of New York plans to allocate funding for Medicaid to be on a state basis. Currently New York extends Medicaid eligibility to the non-poor or middle class for long-term care. However the government of New York plans to limit Medicaid eligibility to the poor and reduce payment rates to competitive levels.

Monday, October 9, 2017

History of Mixerr Reviews explained by Michael Mixerr.

Mixerr Reviews is an independent news blog from Austin, Texas, US that often strays away from mainstream news and mainstream media. Mixerr Reviews talks about news that the underground scene cares about. In other words, Mixerr Reviews is basically a news blog.

Michael Mixerr started doing his overviews in October 2011. As many media news outlets, sources, and newspapers influenced him to do so. In him doing so, Michael Mixerr matured his writing style for Mixerr Reviews into a more organized well laid out newspaper format.

At first Mixerr Reviews was sort of a mail order only newspaper though as some thought it would be. It was through email only at one point. Mixerr Reviews was only available to those who knew Michael Mixerr on a personal level and the only way you could get it was through him. Meaning that Mixerr Reviews was available in Austin, Texas, US only. But in September 2012 is when Michael Mixerr made Mixerr Reviews available to the whole world through the Internet and not just locally in Austin only.

Mixerr Reviews was originally intended to be a music news blog. But Michael Mixerr wanted Mixerr Reviews to be a indie news blog. As times changed, so did Mixerr Reviews and all the other reviews changed in formatting to along with time. He has matured overtime. The reviews are useful sources of information to many people around the world. There is no propaganda allowed on Mixerr Reviews.

Mixerr Reviews/Mixerr Reviews Blogspot ATXN mission is being a local business while being a well known independent news organization that covers many news topics that corporate news media organizations won't debate on and is too afraid to discuss while they are on the air during live broadcast. Being descriptive and accurate is one of Mixerr Reviews priorities. Mixerr Reviews talks about topics no news organization would ever cover, discuss, or debate on.