Showing posts with label health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label health. Show all posts

Monday, October 9, 2017

History of Mixerr Reviews explained by Michael Mixerr.

Mixerr Reviews is an independent news blog from Austin, Texas, US that often strays away from mainstream news and mainstream media. Mixerr Reviews talks about news that the underground scene cares about. In other words, Mixerr Reviews is basically a news blog.

Michael Mixerr started doing his overviews in October 2011. As many media news outlets, sources, and newspapers influenced him to do so. In him doing so, Michael Mixerr matured his writing style for Mixerr Reviews into a more organized well laid out newspaper format.

At first Mixerr Reviews was sort of a mail order only newspaper though as some thought it would be. It was through email only at one point. Mixerr Reviews was only available to those who knew Michael Mixerr on a personal level and the only way you could get it was through him. Meaning that Mixerr Reviews was available in Austin, Texas, US only. But in September 2012 is when Michael Mixerr made Mixerr Reviews available to the whole world through the Internet and not just locally in Austin only.

Mixerr Reviews was originally intended to be a music news blog. But Michael Mixerr wanted Mixerr Reviews to be a indie news blog. As times changed, so did Mixerr Reviews and all the other reviews changed in formatting to along with time. He has matured overtime. The reviews are useful sources of information to many people around the world. There is no propaganda allowed on Mixerr Reviews.

Mixerr Reviews/Mixerr Reviews Blogspot ATXN mission is being a local business while being a well known independent news organization that covers many news topics that corporate news media organizations won't debate on and is too afraid to discuss while they are on the air during live broadcast. Being descriptive and accurate is one of Mixerr Reviews priorities. Mixerr Reviews talks about topics no news organization would ever cover, discuss, or debate on.

Friday, September 8, 2017

Who Francisca Urquidez Martinez was.

Francisca Urquidez Martinez was a Yaqui Indian girl in Presidio, Texas who was the granddaughter to a Yaqui Chief.  She had extensive knowledge of traditional herbal healing, common knowledge among Mountain Yaqui Indians who came to Texas in 1870. (Also known as the Texas Band of Yaqui Indians.) Her common knowledge of herbal healing led her to be an accredited source of medical information. She lived in Presidio, Texas most of her life. Francisca Urquidez Martinez was the daughter of Dario Urquidez.

Saturday, August 26, 2017

Female attendant responsible for death of New York resident John K. Taylor never held responsible.

From a May 18, 1965 edition of Staten Island Advance, journalist Wittek wrote about the death of a child named John K. Taylor caused by an 18 year old female attendant at the Willowbrook State School. John K. Taylor was a resident of the former Willowbrook State School on Staten Island in New York City, New York at the time of his death.

It was on the date of Friday May 14, 1965 in the early darkened morning of 4 AM when 10 year old John K. Taylor died at Willowbrook State School. He was pronounced dead on the scene. He died as a result of neglect and lack of care by a female attendant at Willowbrook State School.


An 18 year old female attendant had given Willowbrook State School resident John K. Taylor a shower the day before which was earlier before his untimely death. What happened was the antiquated plumbing system at Willowbrook State School gave out and as a result, 10 year old resident John K. Taylor was burned to death from scalding hot water coming out of the shower head. As a result, water burned over 80% of his body. The burns on his body were not discovered until 5:45 PM of that particular evening. On the date of Friday May 14, 1965, John K. Taylor died as a result.

Willowbrook State School staff did not contact or notify New York City police until 1 PM on that Friday afternoon. The female attendant apparently didn’t realize John K. Taylor’s condition at first. But soon afterwards, the female attendant attempted to conceal his death from her superiors. Neither Willowbrook State School supervisors or the New York City police took disciplinary action against the 18 year old female attendant. She was never criminally charged either. She was not ever named in the news article Wittek wrote in the Friday May 18, 1965 edition of the Staten Island Advance newspaper.

The New York District Attorney’s office investigation later revealed, “The attendant was bathing the deceased and suddenly the plumbing gave out scalding the boy. The attendant apparently didn’t realize it at first and then attempted to conceal it from her superiors.” Neither the hospital nor the police would take any disciplinary action against her.” (Mallon & Moberley)

The antiquated plumbing system at Willowbrook State School can be attributed to its “snake pit conditions”. Former Senator Robert Kennedy toured Willowbrook State School in 1965 and called the institution itself a snake pit due to its inhumane conditions. Wards built at a capacity for 40 resident had 80 or more. Many resident at the time were living in filth which unfortunately was common in “state schools” across the United States.

Prior to his untimely death, John K. Taylor was a resident at Willowbrook State School. He was malnourished from lack of healthcare treatment and neglect during his stay residency there, so as a result he was underweight and below the average size for children his age. He only weighed 40 pounds (40 lbs). John K. Taylor was considered by medical terms of the time to be a “low functioning retardate”. He was considered a “retardate” in other words. Somehow he was capable enough to walk, but was unable to talk or feed himself. He could not fend for himself.


To this date as of August 2017, the 18 year old female attendant who was responsible for giving John K. Taylor has not been named and has never been charged for criminally for the death of John K. Taylor. The female attendant never has been held responsible for the death of John K. Taylor nor has she been held accountable for her actions when she worked as an attendant at Willowbrook State School.


*John K. Taylor was known by the names Little Johnny, Johnnie Taylor, Johnny Taylor, and Johnathan K. Taylor. At Willowbrook State School, he was known as Little Johnny.
*Willowbrook State School had an antiquated plumbing system that often gave out and burned many residents with scalding hot water.

Friday, June 23, 2017

How Arctic drilling is effecting various environments.

The environmental effects of Arctic drilling will surely have negative effects on the ozone layer along several of our other continents across the planet Earth. Carbon will be released into the air along with all the machinery and oil drilling equipment used to drill for oil in the Arctic Ocean. That equipment will be used to drill for oil in the Arctic Ocean will pollute the ocean water along several ice glaciers. Drilling for oil in the Arctic Ocean will effect many sea animals along some mammals nature habitat. Drilling for oil in the Arctic Ocean will pollute the ocean as well.

Yahoo News has even done an extensive news coverage story about Arctic drilling on the month of May 2015. Arctic drilling will have negative effects on the ozone layer of the planet Earth as Yahoo News claims.

Because the country of Australia is close to the ice glacier continent called Antarctica along with such countries as Chile and Argentina, Australia as a continent will be effected by global warming and the ozone layer itself. The environment of Australia is effected by global warming due the continents close proximity to the ice glacier continent of Antarctica. Australia along with Chile and Argentina are closer to the ozone layer thus making most of their lands arid deserts and uninhabitable. Global warming has certainly made the desert environment of Australia more arid, full of droughts, and somewhat uninhabitable in past 10 to 20 years. The effects of climate change and global warming certainly play a role in the metropolitan/rural divide in the Australian environment. These climate changes from global warming effects will have a toll on the Australian environment someday eventually.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

How global warming effects the country of Australia.

Because the country of Australia is close to the ice glacier continent called Antarctica along with such countries as Chile and Argentina, Australia as a continent will be effected by global warming and the ozone layer itself. The environment of Australia is effected by global warming due the continents close proximity to the ice glacier continent of Antarctica. Australia along with Chile and Argentina are closer to the ozone layer thus making most of their lands arid deserts and uninhabitable. Global warming has certainly made the desert environment of Australia more arid, full of droughts, and somewhat uninhabitable in past 10 to 20 years. The effects of climate change and global warming certainly play a role in the metropolitan/rural divide in the Australian environment. These climate changes from global warming effects will have a toll on the Australian environment someday eventually.

Most of Australia has been considered as uninhabitable and unlivable for human life for much of Australia's history. Most of the land has always been desert ever since Australia was discovered by the British monarchy as historians state. Global warming has effected Australia along with Canada, Liberia, Poland, and the United States along with several countries across the planet Earth.

Subtropical cities such as Brisbane and Perth have much brighter subtropical weather year round than the rest of the continent of Australia. Floods do occur in beach cities of Australia due to their close proximity to the warm subtropical weather from the Australian coastline. More floods in Australia are the result of global warming and climate change as meteorologists claim in the broadcasted weather news and believe.

History of Travis State School revisited!

Travis State School (first known as Austin State School - Farm Colony) was a living center that was operated as a farm colony, work facility, and educational facility a farm colony becoming eventually a work facility and an educational facility for the mentally retarded citizens of Texas operating from 1933 to 1996. The institution taught the mentally retarded how to be self-sufficient. Travis State School itself was located at FM 969 and Decker Lane 8 miles east of Downtown Austin located near the Colorado River.


In 1930, Texas Governor Miriam A. Ferguson and Dr. J. W. Bradfield proposed an idea to the Texas Board of Control along with Texas Mental Health Mental Retardation to create a farm colony, work facility, and educational facility for the mentally retarded citizens of Texas. The Texas Government had purchased 241 acres of land from Greg Wilson, Annie LaRue Scott, and six other residents in the year of 1932. In 1933, the Texas legislature established Travis State School as the Austin State School - Farm Colony as an annex/branch of the Austin State School.

Travis State School itself was located at FM 969 and Decker Lane 8 miles east of Downtown Austin located near the Colorado River. East Austin, further away from US Highway 183 was all farmland with ranches which resulted in an ideal location for Austin State School - Farm Colony.

Both mentally handicapped individuals and physically handicapped individuals lived at Travis State School. Mostly mentally handicapped individuals lived there. Most were non-verbal. The school was mostly compromised of multi-handicapped students. Travis State School is very similar in setup to Marbridge Foundation and Down Home Ranch.


The farm colony started as a true farm community in 1933. Texas Government along Texas Mental Health Mental Retardation had felt a need to place mentally retarded citizens in a separate home away from the rest of society. The mindset of society was to place mentally retarded citizens far away from so they wouldn’t ever have a need to come into the metropolis as Austin State School was set up as an autonomous community.  Texas Government along TX MHMR ideology was for the mentally retarded to produce farm products for other ‘State Schools’ and institutions. This taught the mentally retarded how to be self-sufficient. Travis State School was set up as an autonomous community.

Austin State School - Farm Colony was intended to provide a home for mentally retarded male patients who could no longer further benefit from training at the Austin State School and who were able to do such farm work such as gardening, farming, dairying, mowing, and such related tasks. The first students were transferred from the Austin State School to the farm colony in October 1934 which at the time had only one building. However, there were female students even in 1934 despite the original intentions of the institutions for males only.

At first, Austin State School - Farm Colony was just for men and eventually women. Children came later. ‘State School’ facilities were gender segregated due to a prevalent belief from the time period that associated mental retardation with promiscuity, alcoholism, and immoral behavior.

In 1939, student population was 450. Only 7-8 students had ground paroles. Salaries for farm work was $27 per month. Eventually due to inflation the pay rate was raised to $40 per month. Employees worked 12 hours a day. Dentists worked 8 hours a day. There were 45 female students working at the farm colony.
A staff of 45 women employees and 90 male employees took care of 450 students on a daily basis. Condition were not too primitive.


However on January 14, 1941, the Texas Legislature and Texas Government were considering closing down the farm colony due to the fact that the farm colony was a total failure as the farm colony could not produce enough to maintain for the patients at the institution and other institutions run by the state. However the farm colony remained.

By 1945, the farm colony had six buildings with offices. The farm colony became a separate institution from the Austin State School in 1949 despite having the name ‘Austin State School’ which it was always a part of. 1949 brought big changes to Travis State School. The farm colony was always Austin State School despite was others say. A plant nursery operated there at Travis State School from 1933 to 1990. The school grew their own vegetables. Beef and pork were raised in the farm colony.


By 1955, TX MHMR had acquired an additional 195 acres from 8 more residents all of whom owned farmland. The Austin State School - Farming Colony campus eventually grew to encompass 68 buildings that spanned to the 436 acres you see today owned by KIPP Austin.


Farming operations at the facility slowly ceased in January 1961 due to the fact that the farm colony was a total failure. The farm colony could not produce enough to maintain for the patients at the institutions. The farming operations did not cease due to mental health care reforms in the 1960's due to popular belief. Farming operations ceased due to lack of attention and criminal negligence.
To reflect this change, Austin State School - Farm Colony was renamed to Travis State School in January 1961.

Travis State School had its highest peak of patient enrollment of 1,800 patients/students in 1968 all of whom had been transferred from other institutions. Later included was a swimming pool, cannery, storerooms, more offices, and a sewing room.

In the year of 1970, Travis State School received a grant from the Hospital Improvement Project which made it possible for the use of a unit system of treatment. A new Vocational Evaluation and Training Center was opened and staffed through a grant from the Texas Rehabilitation Commission. The water tower was constructed over a graveyard. Female students were first admitted in 1973 for the first time since the institution gradually opened in 1933.


The reasons why Austin State School - Farm Colony ceased operations was due to revisions in the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974 and the oil recession of the 1970s that greatly effected the United States economy. Texas Government discovered the free labor residents and inmates provided was considered somewhat exploitive especially for the high functioning residents. High functioning residents were assigned to take care of low functioning residents. The State of Texas could not afford to pay residents and inmates as workers. So residents and inmates worked for free. This in turn was a violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974.

The courts ruled in 1974 residents and inmates in these institutions run by the State of Texas (federal, state-run, or otherwise) were entitled to protections under the Fair Labor Standards Act. This was a tragedy for some of the residents and inmates residing in these institutions. They had no sense of purpose and had idle time sitting on the ward. Despite that, state run programs were still readily available. Despite that, the nursery was still in operation until 1990.


The Texas Government and TX MHMR had began changing its focus from institutionalization to integrated placement in local communities as this trend was becoming nationwide in the United States in the 1980s. ‘State Schools’ began to see a decline in enrollment. This was a result from efforts in deinstitutionalization. By then, state officials began following this trend. The Texas Government and TX MHMR had began changing its focus from institutionalization to deinstitutionalization.

In 1981, farming operations at the facility ceased for good due to lack of enrollment, lack of maintenance, criminal negligence, and bad results. All what was left in its place was the institution.
The Travis State School functioned as an Independent School District (ISD) from 1981 to 1988. After the year of 1988 due to lack of enrollment and federal funding, Travis State School relied on the Manor Independent School District to provide academic instruction through its "mainstreaming" program instead. The Travis State School Independent School District and Austin State School Independent School District were shut down by the state due to lack of enrollment and deinstitutionalization.


In the 1990s, Travis State School was renamed to Austin State School Annex but still kept the name ‘Travis State School’ as many people referred to the institution by such name despite what other say. Texas has always historically been behind most US states to serve people with mental retardation within their own communities along with Alabama, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Illinois. 

The 1990s saw an even further decline in ‘State School’ enrollment due to deinstitutionalization and healthcare laws. Effects of deinstitutionalization became statewide. Statistics in newspapers, reports, and books showed otherwise. In 1992, Travis State School had 604 patients and 1,270 employees with a total of 86 buildings at its 436 acre property. In 1994, only 104 patients remained. They were unharmed.

In 1994, the State of Texas and City of Austin proposed a 1,000 inmate facility for a new state jail to alleviate crowding with the population in state jails. In 1996, the Travis County State Jail/Travis State Jail was built and completed. For a short while, Travis County State Jail/Travis State Jail was privately run by privatized prison industrial complex company Wackenhut Correctional Facilities from 1994 to 2001. The land where Travis County State Jail/Travis State Jail occupies is where the Farm Colony originally was for Austin State School - Farm Colony.

Due to an abuse case at Travis State School along with lawsuits such as Lelsz vs. Kavanagh and Ruiz vs. Estelle, Travis State School closed down as an agreement in a lawsuit settlement with the state of Texas and US Government in 1996. The lawsuit was both statewide and federal, thus resulting in the federal lawsuit of Lelsz vs. Kavanagh.

By 1996, Travis State School closed for good. By then all remaining 41 patients were relocated to nearby institutions such as the Austin State School (now Austin State Supported Living Center). Construction at Travis State School lasted from 1996 to 1998. Debris was left over from pervious construction teams who relocated nearly everything. Some items and various other objects were left onsite. Buildings fell into various states of decay and disrepair.

In 1996, local real estate developer Peter Barlin had bought the land Travis State School was located on from Texas Board of Control. The idea for Peter Barlin purchasing the Travis State School land and buildings was to create a private version of the public housing agency called Vision Village. His main intention was to create public housing. Vision Village was supposed to be a neighborhood for low income housing. The City of Austin gave him a $1 million dollar incentive for this land development. Organizers borrowed nearly $4 million from Austin, Travis County and a local bank in 1997.

However plans fell through when Vision Village lacked the management expertise and fund-raising ability to build the housing it promised. Local real estate developer Peter Barlin had been charged criminally with penalties such as embezzlement, conspiracy, money laundering, mismanagement, and fraud. More than $5 million had been poured into the project. Peter Barlin had owned the former Travis State School site that was once set aside for Vision Village, a project that never got off the ground despite more than $1 million from the city. The Vision Village costs had ran deeper than dollars however.


In 2004, KIPP Schools (KIPP Austin) had purchased the property from Peter Barlin and the State of Texas via TX MHMR from Texas Board of Control. Some buildings however were still abandoned. These buildings were renovated overtime. Only few buildings were demolished. The Travis State School Cemetery had fallen into disrepair. Security had not been set up to protect and secure property on a 24 hour basis yet.

Travis State School sat abandoned and vacant for a period of time from 1996 to 2004.
This made it easy for scrappers to steal and vandalize the buildings for copper metal in order to gain a profit. One famous example would be local criminal Reginald Dane Parker. Local criminal Reginald Dane Parker had apparently been stealing copper wire there from the location site before for years. The timeframe Reginald Dane Parker had been stealing copper wire from Travis State School was from 2001 to 2005. Reginald Dane Parker was arrested and jailed by law enforcement officials in 2005.

By 2011, KIPP Austin had fully settled onto the land of the former Travis State School site. However the 8 dorms that weren’t in use were boarded up and closed off. The 9 warehouses are in various states of disrepair. Austin Police Department had set up their Child Protective Services division there in the year of 2011 as well.

In 2015, KIPP Schools contracted with local business ASC Management to secure the property as an effort in security measures. Closed-Camera surveillance cameras are now present and 24 hour security is actively on sight. Gates now hover over the buildings. Unoccupied buildings that were boarded up or abandoned are now currently in use. These building have been upgraded by being renovated. Currently businesses such as KIPP Austin, Austin Discovery School, KIPP Cafe, Austin Police Department, and Child Protective Services now occupy the land property. A small handful of former warehouses are in various states of disrepair.



[Here’s why Travis State School really closed!]

[John Lelsz Sr. with his wife, Ruth Lelsz, had filed a lawsuit that claimed Texas ‘State Schools’ along with other institutions of this kind violated the constitutional rights of their residents in 1974. Abuse was rampant in these institutions. criminal negligence, Patients were living in unsanitary condition provided by extremely inadequate living conditions. The lawsuit was Lelsz vs. Kavanagh. The lawsuit was eventually settled in 1991.

Travis State School closed down due a federal lawsuit called Lelsz vs. Kavanagh. Complainant John Lelsz Sr. and his wife Ruth Lelsz alleged their son, John Lelsz Jr. was physically abused and overtly medicated. John Lelsz Jr. was housed at Travis State School and Austin State School. John Lelsz Jr. was a blind and retarded patient who was physically aggressive with others and prone to violent outbursts. As a result he was overmedicated by Travis State School and Austin State School staff and the medical faculty.

When his parents went to visit him at Travis State School and Austin State School, they notices bruises, scars, and various other lacerations on his body.John Lelsz Jr. had acquired a head gash requiring six stitches, a black eye and swollen face while at Austin State School. Austin State School staff had used cattle prods to administer electroshock therapy on John Lelsz Jr. was a very difficult patient. Both parents filed a lawsuit against the state of Texas. Such said lawsuit eventually reached Federal Court. This led to the closure of the Travis State School in 1996.

By 1998, Travis State School closed for good. By then all remaining 41 patients were relocated to nearby institutions such as the Austin State School (now Austin State Supported Living Center). By 1999, lawsuits of Lelsz vs. Kavanagh and Ruiz vs. Estelle were mostly settled with the fact most of the complainants, plaintiffs, defendants, defenders, lawyers, and attorneys, were somewhat not satisfied with the Texas Governments’ actions with some justice being unserved to the victims and those whom were harmed.

As a result of delayed justice, John Lelsz Jr. was removed from Austin State School to a psychiatric institution in Arkansas in 1997. Since then his family relocated him back to Texas. His parents have since passed away. John Lelsz Sr. passed away in June 1995.]


[As for the government properties of Austin State School and Travis State School…]

[The Travis State School Cemetery still remains onsite hidden away from KIPP Austin campus. The cemetery has fallen into disrepair. Many graves, tombstones, and other identifiers such as markers remain untouched despite the future plans from the Texas Government to remove such graves. The Texas Government decided to leave the graves untouched. The Travis State School Cemetery has fallen into disrepair.]

[Austin State School - Farm Colony had moved back to its original location at the “original” Austin State School (now Austin State Supported Living Center) in 1998. Austin State School - Farm Colony has now been reduced to a garden to a size of 4 rows as of 2016. The farm colony is a former shill of what it once was. No longer are extreme amounts of tax dollars being poured into the farm colony. As of 2016, the farm colony no longer exists.]


*Travis State School went under various names over the years such as Austin State School - Farm Colony, Austin State School - Farm Colony for the Feebleminded, Austin State School - Farm Colony for the Mentally Challenged, Travis State School for Boys, Travis State Home, Travis State School for the Mentally Gifted, Travis State School for the Mentally Challenged, Austin State School Annex, and Travis State School Annex.
*Travis State School was first named Austin State School - Farm Colony in 1933.
*Austin State School - Farm Colony was changed and renamed to Travis State School in 1961.
*Travis State School was the first state school in Texas to have a swimming pool for therapeutic purposes.
*A plant nursery operated there at Travis State School from 1933 to 1990. The school grew their own vegetables.
*Beef and pork were raised in the farm colony.
The water tower was constructed over the first graveyard in 1966. The water tower still remains standing today.

Sunday, June 4, 2017

Tips of health behind vape e-cigs.

A recent medical study conducted the United Kingdom concluded that the usage of vape e-cigs are not completely without risk. The risk of lung cancer is still prevalent with usage of vape e-cigs. The smoke released from such e-cigs is still considered a smoke substance. There is not as much carbon monoxide released from e-cigs as much as regular cigarettes, however. Vape e-cigs are at least proven to been 95% safer than regular cigarettes, nicotine, and other tobacco related products. Medical experts suggest non-smokers reject picking up the habit of smoking with an e-cig. Vape e-cigs are proven to be ideal with smokers as they are exclusively highly effective. Vape e-cigs at least 95% safer than regular cigarettes, nicotine, and other tobacco related products. These e-cigs are extremely less addictive then chewing tobacco or nicotine.

Opium crops still rise in Afghanistan's premium economy.

In the 1990's, Afghanistan was producing a large amounts of illicit crops. These illicit crops were known as opium. Opium is known to be highly addictive and effective for medicine. This led the country of Afghanistan to be first place in the world for opium production. But it was not long until these opium crops were banished from existence in Afghanistan.

The year 2000 is when opium was banned in Afghanistan. It was due to the political influence of the Taliban that led opium to be illegal by government policy. By then, governmental policies had taken a u-turn in laws of the land in Afghanistan. The crops of opium were highly effected by these laws. Production of opium took a massive decline over the years to come. By 2002, most of the opium crops were destroyed by the Taliban. However in 2016, opium usage would continue to rise despite all the country of Afghanistan's hardships. Opium remains a problem to this day still.

What conditions a potato is best for consumption.

It all depends on the condition of the potato. When a potato is covered by dirt and with blemishes, it's sometimes usually not safe to eat. The potato skin can get in the way of eating when it comes flavor of food. Never eat dirty potato skins as there could be hidden bacteria on potato skin as well as the potato itself. Eating a dirty potato could cause a symptom of having diarrhea or other illness. When a potato is covered by dirt and with blemishes, it's best to peel the potato so appearance isn't all messed up. Small potatoes have thin skin and don't need peeling. Of course this depends on the condition of the potato. Some people will say and think, "Why even peel a potato? Just wash it, chop it, and be done! Just wash it and chop it."

Saturday, April 29, 2017

What really happened to the Austin State School - Farm Colony.

Austin State School - Farm Colony (better known as the Travis State School) was a living center that was operated as a farm colony, work facility, and educational facility for the mentally retarded citizens of Texas operating from 1933 to 1996 for which in part was totally operated by Texas Mental Health Mental Retardation (TX MHMR & Texas Board of Control) via Texas Government. The institution taught the mentally retarded how to be self-sufficient. Travis State School itself was located at FM 969 and Decker Lane 8 miles east of Downtown Austin located near the Colorado River.
A Texas State Legislature meeting was held for a decision on what to rename the Austin State School. It was due to reforms in healthcare along with mental health that the name of this institution was changed. To reflect this change, Austin State School - Farm Colony was renamed to Travis State School in January 1961. The farming operations did not cease due to mental health care reforms in the 1960's due to popular belief as many believed.

Farming operations at the facility slowly ceased in January 1961 due to the fact that the farm colony was a total failure. The farm colony could not produce enough to maintain for the patients at the institutions. Farming operations ceased due to lack of attention and criminal negligence. Despite that, the farming colony operated until 1974.

The reasons why Austin State School - Farm Colony ceased operations was due to revisions in the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974 and the oil recession of the 1970s that greatly effected the United States economy.

Texas Government discovered the free labor residents and inmates provided was considered somewhat exploitive especially for the high functioning residents. High functioning residents were assigned to take care of low functioning residents. The State of Texas could not afford to pay residents and inmates as workers. So residents and inmates worked for free This in turn was a violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974.

The courts ruled in 1974 residents and inmates in these institutions run by the State of Texas (federal, state-run, or otherwise) were entitled to protections under the Fair Labor Standards Act. This was a tragedy for some of the residents and inmates residing in these institutions. They had no sense of purpose and had idle time sitting on the ward. Despite that, state run programs were still readily available.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

20,000 pound non-nuclear bomb dropped in Afghanistan update.

The United States Army has dropped the largest non-nuclear bomb in the country of Afghanistan on the date of 4/13/2017. This non-nuclear bomb weighs up to 21,600 lbs. (pounds). Impact of the blast from this bomb was severe. Several citizens felt impact from the bomb blast in combustion after the bomb had been detonated. Several citizens reported seeing a mushroom cloud from 20 miles away after being dropped from being 21,600 feet in the air. A plume covered more than 10,000 feet. 11 tons of explosives were released.
The bomb that dropped was called a GBU-43. A GBU-43 weighs 21,600 pounds (lbs.) and is considered by most to be massive. GBU-43 is considered as “Mother of All Bombs” by The Pentagon. Originally this bomb was designed as a deterrent which was used in the Middle East in the year of 2003, but is now being used as a weapon of terror and mass destruction. GBU-43 is designated for combat use.

US President Donald Trump authorized a non-nuclear bomb to be dropped in Afghanistan in a militaristic effort to sweep out the combative militant ISIS group. The bomb was intended for an ISIS target. Particularly, this ISIS target was located inside a cave in Afghanistan. 800 ISIS fighters are present in Afghanistan. Most ISIS fighters are located in a village called Nangarhar. Afghan forces are battling ISIS there as well.

Monday, February 6, 2017

Smog in Beijing, China remains an emerging problem.

In recent years, Beijing, China has seen an increase of smog due to lack of environmental safety laws that control pollution. Smog has risen at an increasingly harmful level going citizens health problems who live in the area and in the city of Beijing. The smog in Beijing has poisoned peoples lungs, added to the mold count, and contributed more to pollution. Smog in Beijing is very noticeable to the point where it is hard to visually unsee. As Sky News and AFP report, smog is an overgrowing problem in Beijing, China.

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

What happened to Billy Calhoun from the Children Of Darkness documentary?

To rehash, patient William Calhoun (Billy Calhoun) was featured in the 1983 documentary called Children of Darkness. Billy Calhoun was the patient who was hurting himself so badly from his self-injurious behaviors and being escorted by orderlies around the hospital at the very beginning of the Children Of Darkness documentary.

The Children of Darkness documentary was broadcasted nationally on television in the United States on PBS that same year. The Children of Darkness documentary explored the lack of mental health care in America for juvenile psychiatry. Many seriously emotionally disturbed youth were shown. Richard Kotuk filmed and directed Children of Darkness documentary. Billy Calhoun was another star of the documentary as he was featured all over the place in regard to this documentary. Richard Kotuk focused a portion of his time filming Billy Calhoun due to his strange behavior inside said documentary. Billy Calhoun has a profound case of autism.

William Calhoun (Billy Calhoun) was born in 1963. At the age of 4, he was labeled severely mentally retarded. He was then later diagnosed with autism. As a child, Billy was suffering from severe autism. His severe autism caused him to act out in an aggressive manner as he was dangerous around other and himself. His family could no longer handle him or his dangerous destructive behavior. At the age of 7, he was placed in a state institution called Sagamore Hospital via Sagamore Children’s Hospital. He was more or less abandoned his mother, Mary Calhoun, and family despite that his mother saw him every week until she died. He was in a state of constant panic being unaware of what was going on around him.

During his stay as a patient at the Sagamore Hospital, his self-injurious behaviors worsened as acted more aggressive towards staff. Every 2 to 3 hours, Billy would be “walked” by orderlies around the hospital so his muscles would not atrophy or deteriorate. Billy had attacked hospital staff and orderlies in the past as described in the documentary. Most of the time he was strapped to his bed most of the time during the filming session for this documentary. While at Sagamore Children’s Hospital, Billy underwent intense therapy while being in restraints for 2 1/2 years long. 


Billy Calhoun is still alive and is now at the age of 53. Things have changed. Billy has undergone several behavioral interventions and therapy sessions. Some of his phases eventually passed. The lobotomy and shock therapy never happened. As a result, Billy Calhoun now receives 24 hour care around the clock. He is well cared for. Things have changed, but we can never undo the abuse, trauma, pain, suffering, and torture he went through as a child. What happened there is beyond words.

The self-injurious behaviors and self-destructive behavior is still evident and present. Just to a level that lets him function to the point where he can function to be as aggressive or dangerous as he once was earlier in his lifetime. Billy is now heavily medicated by fair amounts of drugs.

[William Calhoun (Billy Calhoun)’s mother was Mary Calhoun. She has since passed away.]

Brian McAnally found dead in Philadelphia group home.

On the date of July 28, 2016, Brian McAnally passed away in the group home he was living in. At the time of death, Brian was found dead in his dorm at the group home he was living in at the time. It was due to conditions regarding his health that he passed away. His mania had taken a turn for the worst despite getting emotional healing through therapy. Brian attended meetings with a behavior therapist and counselor on a regular basis. Despite all that, Brian was thriving in his group home better than he did at Eastern State School. Brian McAnally was 53. He left several family members behind whom he hadn’t seen for years.

In 1983 (after Brian McAnally turned 18), he was moved to a brand new group home which was located 4 blocks away from his fathers home in Kensington, Pennsylvania near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania after living in Eastern State School for 4 years. Brian was thriving and doing pretty well in his group home better than he did at Eastern State School. He wasn’t as anxious or aggressive despite having been diagnosed with mania and schizophrenia earlier in his life. Later on, he was diagnosed with mental retardation.

Sunday, January 22, 2017

What happened to Brian McAnally? Revisited!

For those who didn't know, Brian Mcanally was featured in the 1983 documentary called Children of Darkness which was broadcasted nationally on television in the United States on PBS that same year. Richard Kotuk filmed and directed Children of Darkness documentary. Brian Mcanally was the star of the documentary as he was featured all over the place in regard to this documentary. Richard Kotuk focused much of his time filming Brian Mcanally due to his strange behavior inside said documentary. The Children of Darkness documentary explored the lack of lack of mental health care in America for juvenile psychiatry. Many seriously emotionally disturbed youth were shown.

To recap, Brian Mcanally was first seen punching the backseat of the bus during a trip to the zoo in the beginning of the referenced documentary. He was shown with patients and attendants rode The reason why Brian was punching the backseat of the bus is because Brian had a though in his head a car located behind the bus was following him which led Brian to become paranoid which eventually led him to become physically aggressive with attendants/staff as they tried to restrain Brian Mcanally in an effort to calm him down. Despite efforts to calm Brian down, his aggression escalated as his behavior escalated during an attempted restraint by attendants/staff.  Brian kept screaming "I want to get off the bus! Let me off the bus!" .

His behavior episode lasted from 2 to 3 minute. Brian Mcanally was eventually secluded to an empty seat on the bus as an attempt by attendants to deescalate his behavior in order to calm him down. (Attendants relocated Brian Mcanally to an empty seat during an offscreen moment.) 2 attendants helped Brian calm down as he cried in anger. As Brian cried away in anger, he eventually calmed down. He was tightly hugged and squeezed by attendants in an effort to comfort Brian.

Later on in the documentary, Richard Kotuk takes us to the scene at Eastern State School where 2 attendants have to restrain Brian Mcanally by laying him down on the bed because he is trying to pull the dresser over on himself. He was tightly restrained by attendants in an effort to calm him down.


Patient Brian Mcanally was a product of an unplanned pregnancy. As result of an unplanned pregnancy, Brian was abandoned by his mother when he was 2 years old. He lived with his father until he was 15. (His mother was Lois Marie McAnally and his father was James Mcanally.) His father was very much involved in his life. Every weekend, he would take Brian home to his home in Kensington, Pennsylvania. He father was very much active in his life in his roll as a parent when he was alive.

Brian has had schizophrenia since he was 4 years old. Brian Mcanally was admitted to Eastern State School in 1979 because his father could no longer handle him or his behavior episodes combined with his self-injurious behaviors on top of aggression. As of 1979, Brian Mcanally was a patient of Eastern State School. From 1979 to 1983 is when Brian lived at Eastern State School in Trevose, Pennsylvania as a patient where he lived for 4 years. The first few years Brian did well at the school. However, a month prior to the filming of Children of Darkness, former Eastern State School childcare worker Mark Williams admits Brian has been regressing. Brian had been hallucinating more with no sense of reality.

Psychotropic drugs were used to control his behavior while at Eastern State School. Doctors suggested that Brian be heavily medicated. It was at Eastern State School that psychotropic drugs became a form of therapy for Brian. Such medicine only made his mental condition worse overtime. Former Eastern State School childcare worker John Brooks states Brian has a likeable personality and that he is mildly retarded.

Back in the day, it seemed ridiculously easy to have someone institutionalized. States such as New York, Pennsylvania, and Texas are  examples otherwise. Texas was 50th out of the 50 states for expenditures to provide for the care of people with mental illness or mental retardation. That was in 1986. Brian McAnally was an example of how easy it was to have someone institutionalized back in those days.


Now here is an update about Brian Mcanally and his life after Eastern State School.
In 1983 (after Brian Mcanally turned 18), he was moved to a brand new group home which was located 4 blocks away from his fathers home in Kensington, Pennsylvania. Brian is thriving and doing pretty well in his group home better than he did at Eastern State School. He wasn’t as anxious or aggressive despite having been diagnosed with mania and schizophrenia earlier in his life. Later on, he was diagnosed with mental retardation.


[Eastern State School went also under the names of Eastern State School & Hospital, Eastern State School/Eastern State Hospital, & Eastern State Hospital during its time of operation as a state institution from 1961 to 1996.]

[During the behavior episode Brian Mcanally created on the bus during a field trip to the zoo mainly due to his mental condition and developmental disability, Richard Kotuk filmed other patients, residents, staff, and attendants as the 2 attendants attempted to seclude Brian in an effort to calm his behavior. Much of his behavior episode was offscreen as an audio portion of his behavior episode was played.]

[James Mcanally (Jim Mcanally) was the father of Brian Mcanally. He was 70 years old in 1983. He was featured in the Children of Darkness documentary as well. His mother was Lois Marie McAnally and his father was James Mcanally.]

Sunday, October 23, 2016

Flint Water Crisis reported by Mixerr Reviews again!

Governor Robert Snyder has shined light on about the Flint Water Crisis. Governor Robert Snyder shined light on these important health issues about the dangers of lead in drinking water in the city of Flint, Michigan this year in 2016. The city of Flint had failed to add the federally mandated chemicals used to control corrosion into drinking water source.

There is lead in Flint’s water! The amount of lead found in Flint water is hazardously astronomical. Studies showed that 10% percent of samples containing 27 parts per billion of lead in the Flint River water. Additional tests revealed astronomical lead levels. Citizens whom drank this water have seen an increase risen in their blood level. Some levels of lead are considered by the EPA to be undetectable.

Lead typically gets into drinking water when pipes and fixtures that contain lead corrosion or lead paint fixtures. EPA considers lead “hazardous waste.”. The EPA reports that lead pipes and fixtures are more likely to be found in homes and businesses built before 1986.

Although lead in Flint’s water was reported by Robert Snyder last year, much of this have been ignored by the Government of Michigan. No fluoridation chemicals or harsh disinfectants have been used in the Flint water source whatsoever. Some areas of Flint worsened due to the elevated lead levels in the river. As a result, the city switched its water resources from the Detroit water system to the more corrosive Flint River in 2016. However this is not the end. Many residents are still finding lead contaminating their water supply at home.

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Horrors of acid rain!

Acid rain comes from pollution that is from power stations and motor vehicles. Acid rain has well been around for over a century. The acid rain is around the world that harmfully effects the weather in our environment. Acid rain does result from oil. Killing wildlife is what acid rain does exactly. Pollution is the leading cause to acid rain. Besides that, more than 2/5's of the world's population breathes polluted air from the direct weather effects of acid rain. We need a solution to stop acid rain!

Tuesday, September 27, 2016

Flint Water Crisis reported by Mixerr Reviews!

Governor Robert Snyder has shined light on about the Flint Water Crisis. Governor Robert Snyder shined light on these important health issues about the dangers of lead in drinking water in the city of Flint, Michigan this year in 2016. The city of Flint had failed to add the federally mandated chemicals used to control corrosion into drinking water source.

There is lead in Flint’s water! The amount of lead found in Flint water is hazardously astronomical. Studies showed that 10% percent of samples containing 27 parts per billion of lead in the Flint River water. Additional tests revealed astronomical lead levels. Citizens whom drank this water have seen an increase risen in their blood level. Lead typically gets into drinking water when pipes and fixtures that contain lead corrosion or lead paint fixtures. EPA considers lead “hazardous waste.”. Some levels of lead are considered by the EPA to be undetectable. The EPA reports that lead pipes and fixtures are more likely to be found in homes and businesses built before 1986.

Although lead in Flint’s water was reported by Robert Snyder last year, much of this have been ignored by the Government of Michigan. No fluoridation chemicals or harsh disinfectants have been used in the Flint water source whatsoever. Some areas of Flint worsened due to the elevated lead levels in the river. As a result, the city switched its water resources from the Detroit water system to the more corrosive Flint River in 2016. However this is not the end. Many residents are still finding lead contaminating their water supply at home.

Saturday, September 24, 2016

There is lead in Flint’s water! (As reported by Mixerr Reviews.)

There is lead in Flint’s water! The amount of lead found in Flint water is hazardously astronomical. Studies showed that 10% percent of samples containing 27 parts per billion of lead in the Flint River water. Additional tests revealed astronomical lead levels. Citizens whom drank this water have seen an increase risen in their blood level. Some levels of lead are considered by the EPA to be undetectable. Lead typically gets into drinking water when pipes and fixtures that contain lead corrosion or lead paint fixtures. EPA considers lead “hazardous waste.”. The EPA reports that lead pipes and fixtures are more likely to be found in homes and businesses built before 1986.

Although lead in Flint’s water was reported by Robert Snyder last year, much of this have been ignored by the Government of Michigan. No fluoridation chemicals or harsh disinfectants have been used in the Flint water source whatsoever. Some areas of Flint worsened due to the elevated lead levels in the river. As a result, the city switched its water resources from the Detroit water system to the more corrosive Flint River in 2016. However this is not the end. Many residents are still finding lead contaminating their water supply at home.

Monday, August 15, 2016

How the Inuit Native American Indian tribe were productive in their textile culture.

The Inuit and Inuvialuit in Canada and coastal Alaska were noticeably recognized as productive people. The Inuit and Inuvialuit in Canada and coastal Alaska were noticeably recognized as the first documented ethnic people to make tailored garments and tailored clothing too at that. Each Inuit region had developed their own styles and tribes people could tell where someone was from by looking at their clothing. In Inuit ancient times, Inuit clothing was used to protect tribes members from weather and from spirits. To this day, Inuit clothing and textile is still popular in Canada and coastal Alaska today.