Showing posts with label health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label health. Show all posts

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

El Paso Congressman Beto O’Rourke to run against Ted Cruz for Texas Senate.

In early 2018, Congressman Beto O’Rourke from El Paso, Texas publicly announced he would be running against Senator Ted Cruz for Texas Senate. Beto O’Rourke is also running for US Senate against Ted Cruz. However Beto O’Rourke is mainly shifted his focus on primarily running for Texas Senate.

In this past year alone, Beto has managed to gain Hispanic vote across the State of Texas. He plans to gain the Hispanic vote across the United States. In early 2018, Beto O’Rourke ran a 10k race from US to Mexico as a symbol of unity. All this was to gain the Hispanic vote across the United States.

Sunday, October 7, 2018

History of San Juan School in San Antonio, Texas explored.

San Juan School was one of the many forgotten schools of San Antonio and Bexar County next to Berg’s Mill School. Not much is known about the San Juan School in San Antonio, Texas. What is known is that San Juan School was a rural school located way out in the county in San Antonio, Texas. Many historians have not covered this school written in books. Many citizens of San Antonio seemed to have forgotten about this school’s existence or its presence.

San Antonio Independent School District established San Juan School sometime during the mid-to-late 19th century. Its exact year of establishment is unknown. What is known is that San Juan School was an elementary school that was known as San Juan Elementary School and was a co-ed school. Students in grades 1 through 6 were educated here. 7th grade was added later. 

School attendance boasted a small bumbling population. Attendance rate was very high. Student enrollment never went past 300. Most of the pupils were children of Mexican descent. 70% percent of the student population was Mexican.


As early as 1884, San Juan School had faced structural problems and health concerns. A San Antonio Light newspaper article had highlighted the issue in their newspaper that year. Citizens of San Antonio were protesting against San Antonio Independent School District dumping sewage into the San Antonio River. Many of whom were upset.

“The citizens below San Antonio assembled and met at San Juan School House for the purpose of protesting against throwing the sewerage into the San Antonio River. Such interference with the health and use of the water for their household purposes.

The meeting was called to order by Captain D. M. Poor. Ed Braden was appointed Chairman, and Frank Ashley Secretary. The following named gentlemen were appointed to draft a resolution and report the same next Saturday in the San Juan School House at 3 o'clock p.m. for a protest against throwing the filth of the city into the river and that a committee meet on Thursday in the County court room at 10 o'clock a.m.”

(Ref: San Antonio Light, Page 1, Tuesday, January 29, 1884)


School attendance in the 1930s boasted a bumbling population. On average, 30 students attended this school daily. In the 1930s, San Juan School educated students in grades 1 through 6. 7th grade students attended school elsewhere.

Over 60% of the student population was Mexican by 1932. The PTA was very involved with the quality of education upon its students. Manual training and sewing were taught at this school. Boys were taught manual training while girls were taught sewing. Girls learned sewing at a young age. Girls held an intense interest in sewing. Classes in dancing were held. (Ref: San Antonio Express, February 13, 1932)

The 1940s is when 7th grade was added to the school. By the end of the 1960s, over 70% of the student population was Hispanic. Over 200 students had attended this school during that time. 7th grade classes were discontinued.

In 1952, parents complained to the school district and city council that students were being deprived and denied of outdoor activities due to air traffic and noise pollution from Brooks City Air Force Base. Students were deprived of outdoor activities by playing indoors due to air traffic. However nothing happened. The school continued classes and remained open.


San Juan School closed in 1970 after the school building was found to be too closely located within the flight path of Brooks City Air Force Base. This led students to relocated to different schools across the school district.

It was at the suggestion of Frank Tejeda of the Southside Neighborhood Association who requested the school board consider leasing San Juan Elementary School at $1 per year. San Juan Society offered to become a tenant and use the property on a lease from the school district.

San Juan Society began using this building on a lease in 1970. San Juan Society used the San Juan School building as a community center for a year with a lease of $1 a year. The San Juan Society received legal permission from the board to lease the old San Juan School building for community meetings, recreational and educational activities. San Juan School was is the third retired school in the district (SA ISD) to be leased out in 1970 for such purposes. (Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 55, August 28, 1970)

In 1971, San Juan Society requested its lease be cancelled for some apparent reason. The school district delayed the lease. However San Juan Society pulled away slowly from the lease and took business elsewhere. This left the building to sit vacant for a few years until 1975. (Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 3, February 12, 1971)

By 1975, San Antonio Express referred to the school property as improved land for sale by San Antonio Independent School District offers. The school building and property was up for sale. The building was still extant then.
(Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 3, February 18, 1975)
(Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 19, February 18, 1975)

San Antonio Independent School District sold the property to Barthold Gilbert in 1976. The school bundling was demolished in 1977. Barthold Gilbert would own this property until his death in 1981. The lot was sold to a woman named Fay A Kiln in 1982. (Ref: http://bexardata.com/property/id/eBkP3iQ4j)


Restrictions were put on the property as part of the special warranty deed issued on December 14, 1992. The pretty was not to be used for educational purposes meaning that a school could not be operated on such property. $3,000 dollars was paid to Fay A Kiln. A quorum was present. (Ref: Bear County Public Records Doc No. 2372965)

Many people have lived address over the years especially during the beginning of the 2000s. However Fay A Kiln remained on record as property owner. Many people have had their mailing address located at this location.

The school building is no longer extant. No remains of the school are left. Today Fay A Kiln owns the property. She leases the property to various people in San Antonio and of Bexar County.
(Ref: http://bexardata.com/property/id/eBkP3iQ4j)


San Juan School was located at 8630 Old Corpus Christi Road, San Antonio, Texas, US 78223. Its other known address was 8632 Old Corpus Christi Highway San Antonio, Texas, US 78223.
Today its current address is located at 8638 Old Corpus Christi Road, San Antonio, Texas, US 78223.


Thursday, August 30, 2018

El Paso Congressman Beto O’Rourke ran 10k from US to Mexico.

In early 2018, Congressman Beto O’Rourke from El Paso, Texas ran 10k from US to Mexico as a symbol of unity. All this is to gain the Hispanic vote across the United States. He does want to work in our economy. Beto O’Rourke is also running for US Senate against Ted Cruz.

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Why Pennhurst State School really closed down.

This news article will explain why Pennhurst State School near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania really closed down. It did not close down due to popular belief of slavery or it being haunted.

Pennhurst State School did not only close due to popular belief of its inhumane conditions and unlawful abusive treatment towards patients. Pennsylvania Department of Mental Hygiene and the administration of Pennhurst State School were attempting to teach the mentally challenged real life skills so that they would function correctly on their own. Job skills were taught to these patients.

Pennhurst State School was shut down because the patients were used as laborers in the farm fields. Pennhurst State School used patients as unpaid laborers in their farming operations when the institution was still in operation. This led to the Pennhurst State School v. Halderman lawsuit and new Fair Labor Standards Act laws requiring patients be paid. Pennsyvlania Department of Mental Hygiene could not afford to pay its patients from their budget. So after the 1970s, farming operations ceased.

Patients were recruited to compensate for their staff shortages and inadequacies from lack of finances in the budget. So there was no job protection or no worker rights. Or any remuneration for that matter. People were used for a variety of functions in order to save the institution money. This was the state’s attempt to engage patients in constructive work and in constructive activities. Patients did pretty much slave labor.That was the sad reality.

The administration of Pennhurst State School was attempting to teach the mentally challenged things our stupid kids and many people can't do for themselves anymore.

Pennhurst State School was a concentration camp. Many activists have criticized the state failed to provide “appropriate treatment” in the “least restrictive” environment.

Monday, July 23, 2018

Explaining history of the mysterious Dellana Lane of Austin, Texas.

Dellana Lane is a road in Austin, Texas with a unique interesting history that has been forgotten over time. Many Austinites have been curious about this short and narrow 2 lane road that starts at Rollingwood Drive and ends at FM 2244. This news article will explain the unique interesting history of Dellana Lane Rollingwood, Texas.

Dellana Lane was named after Italian immigrant Condido Dellana who owned serval acres of land in Rollingwood and Austin. Condido Dellana immigrated from Italy in 1880 and bought 1,800 acres of land in 1904 where Dellana Lane is today. Condido Dellana worked as a stone mason on the State Capitol building until its completion in 1888.

In 1946, brothers A.B Hatley and George B. Hatley bought 300 acres from the Dellana Ranch for $300 an acre. Almost all street names in Rollingwood are named after members of the Hatley family and their friends. (Ref: Rollingwood Women’s Club)


Dellana Lane was established in Austin, Texas during 1940 as a small 1 lane road near the city limits of Rollingwood, Texas. Eanes Creek flows directly under Dellana Lane and is located inside of a 100 year floodplain.

Dellana Lane started at Rollingwood Drive, which was then serving as FM 2244 prior to 1980, and ended where FM 2244 is aligned today. Dellana Lane was always a narrow 2 lane road and was never a 3 lane road.

Dellana Lane started appearing on maps in 1940, but was not a named road or was never referred to as “Dellana Lane” and “Dellana Ln”. Dellana Lane was a part of FM 2244.
(Ref: Austin 1940 General Highway Map)

By 1952, Dellana Lane served as “Bee Caves Road” which was an auxiliary route for FM 2244. In 1967, Dellana Road served as “Old Bee Caves Road” which it was named as. The name for Old Bee Caves Road was changed to Dellana Road in 1978.


On October 14, 1982, Austin City Council held a public hearing on closing Dellana Lane. Mayor McClellan opened the public hearing set for 2:30 PM on closing certain streets as part of the Capital Improvements Program. Many residents of Austin and Rollingwood want to keep Dellana Lane open.

Attorney C.W. Pearcy was representing several property owners on Dellana Lane at the time.
Attorney C.W. Pearcy said his clients want a solution and not litigation. He feels closing Dellana Lane is not necessary. Civil engineer Mr. Harvey Treybig said closing the road would cause an extreme traffic hazard.

As a result of this public hearing, Dellana Lane was kept open. It was due to heavy citizen opposition that Dellana Lane remained open for 2 more decades before becoming a trail path for Zilker Park.


Pollution from vehicles became a concern as Dellana Lane was located inside a 100 year floodplain resulting in Dellana Lane on the Rollingwood Drive side being closed off. So the road was also closed in 2007 as part of Edwards Aquifer Protection Plan and the City of Austin Parks & Recreation Department had made a portion of Dellana Lane into a trail for Zilker Park.

In 2010, a wide yellow gate with a lock was installed in the middle of Dellana Lane to prevent traffic flow from using the 1 lane road that was already deteriorating in a state of urban decay after a lack maintenance as the road has not been repaved or maintained since the early 2000s.

Today a wide yellow gate with a “road closed” sign has stopped any incoming traffic from using this road. Half of Dellana Lane now serves as a trail for Zilker Park.

Saturday, July 14, 2018

Rodessa High School history of Rodessa, Lousiana forgotten update!

Rodessa High School history of Rodessa, Lousiana forgotten update!

Rodessa High School was one of Louisiana’s many forgotten schools. In fact, Rodessa High School is one of Lousiana’s forgotten schools. Only so much is known about this high school. Many people have claimed the school to be “haunted”.


Rodessa High School was designed by Louisiana architect Seymour Van Os in 1937 as a two story brick building on a steel and concrete foundation and was built with acquired oil money and donations. The school building is about 33,437 square feet on 5 acres of land. Rodessa High School was built at a cost of $195,000. The two story building had 20 classrooms. The Rodessa High School building was a Public Works Administration building built in the 1930s as part of Lousiana’s New Deal heritage.

Classrooms for the 250 students were held in temporary buildings as the structure could not hold all of the students enrolled at this school at the time. 250 out of the 800 students attended classes in the temporary buildings until 1939.

Rodessa High School finally opened in September 1939. Enrollment in the beginning was 800 students. The first high school principal was Gladys Pitts Hendrick, a Rodessa native. Grades 1 through 11 were taught here. Rodessa High School (Rodessa School) was operated by Caddo Parish School District from 1939 to 1973 in Rodessa, Lousiana.

The first high school principal was Gladys Pitts Hendrick, a Rodessa native. Miss Gladys Hendrick was one of the first teachers at the school. (Ref: Shreveport Times, Page 7A, October 19, 1947)

In 1939, a tornado wiped out most of the town, but this school building somehow survived miraculously. Many people were killed in the tornado of 1939. Those killed in the 1939 tornado were buried in Tyson Cemetery, west of Rodessa High School.

A cemetery is located next to Rodessa High School and is called Tyson Cemetery. Tyson Cemetery was established sometime in the early 19th century. Several early 19th century interments can be found at this cemetery. This cemetery is still active. Modern headstones and fresh graves can be found.


Rodessa High School closed as a high school in 1955 when a new high school was built in nearby Vivian. The new North Caddo High School consolidated all of the high schools in the North Caddo Parish. The last senior class to graduate Rodessa High School was in 1955.

In 1956, Rodessa High School was renamed to Rodessa Elementary School (better known as Rodessa School) and remained that way until its closure. Rodessa School became a K-8 school for Caddo Parish School District. Once Rodessa High School closed, high school students had to start attending school in nearby Vivian, Louisiana to complete their education.

Rodessa High School was an all white school prior to 1965. The school desegregated in 1965 during the 1965-1966 school year.

After a high amount of asbestos was found in heater vent pipes by maintenance workers for the Caddo Parish School District, Rodessa High School was shut down effectively in 1973. Asbestos contributed to low test scores and appearent mesothelioma.Rodessa High School had also closed down due to a lack of funding, dwindling enrollment, and desegregation.

The gym had burned in a fire once after the school closed. So many people killed that they had to use the school as the morgue and also had to line the deceased up out front of the school as well as the back of the school. Many people have claimed Rodessa High School to be a “haunted school”. (Ref: HauntLA)

Someone at some point had set up a meth lab inside the former Rodessa High School. Exactly when is currently unknown. Over the years, the school was vandalized and stripped by scrappers. (Ref: uer.ca)


In 1996, there was a bit of debating about what to do with the former Rodessa High School property. However another discovery of asbestos was found. The heater vent pipes were made almost entirely of asbestos! So demolition would bankrupted the school district at the time. Nothing happened as a result. However the school district has evaluated the land and determined if there is a need for the land several times over the years.

In 2008, a group of ghost hunters were arrested for trespassing on the former Rodessa High School campus by the female sheriff deputy officer for the city of Rodessa. Several others have been given warnings by the female sheriff deputy officer to stay away from the property as it is unsafe.  Several others have trespassed on the property including paranormal experts, ghost hunters, and urban explorers curious about what was left behind.


In 2016, a handful of newspapers reported about the Caddo Parish School District considering having Rodessa High School demolished.

In August 9, 2016, Caddo Parish School Board considered demolishing the old Rodessa High School as a recommendation from district staff. Shreveport Times reports the building is too far gone to renovate and it is currently not economically viable for remodeling. Caddo Parish School District Superintendent Lamar Goree says officials, school board members, and administrators have concerns and fear the building is too dangerous to remain in the community because of its structural condition. Not because it’s a huge building.

(Ref: Washington Times, Superintendent: Caddo school almost looks haunted, Wednesday, August 10, 2016)
(Ref: Associated Press, Wednesday, August 10, 2016)
(Ref: Shreveport Times)
(Ref: uer.ca)

The property was fenced with a standard 6 foot chainlink fence and was overgrown with vegetation brush. Its interior had been vandalized severely. Most of windows were broken. The roof had deteriorated. The Rodessa High School building itself was contaminated with asbestos.

On April 8, 2018, the Rodessa High School building was demolished. All that remained was the concrete slab foundation which was later demolished. Caddo Parish School District still owns the property.


Rodessa High School is located at 9634 Rodessa Ida Road, Rodessa, Louisiana, US 71069.

Rodessa High School history of Rodessa, Lousiana forgotten revisited!

Rodessa High School is one of Louisiana’s many forgotten schools. In fact, Rodessa High School is one of Lousiana’s forgotten schools. Only so much is known about this high school. Many people have claimed the school to be “haunted”.


Rodessa High School was designed by Louisiana architect Seymour Van Os in 1937 as a two story brick building on a steel and concrete foundation and was built with acquired oil money and donations. The school building is about 33,437 square feet on 5 acres of land. Rodessa High School was built at a cost of $195,000. The two story building had 20 classrooms. The Rodessa High School building was a Public Works Administration building built in the 1930s as part of Lousiana’s New Deal heritage.

Classrooms for the 250 students were held in temporary buildings as the structure could not hold all of the students enrolled at this school at the time. 250 out of the 800 students attended classes in the temporary buildings until 1939.

Rodessa High School finally opened in September 1939. Enrollment in the beginning was 800 students. The first high school principal was Gladys Pitts Hendrick, a Rodessa native. Grades 1 through 11 were taught here. Rodessa High School (Rodessa School) was operated by Caddo Parish School District from 1939 to 1973 in Rodessa, Lousiana.

The first high school principal was Gladys Pitts Hendrick, a Rodessa native. Miss Gladys Hendrick was one of the first teachers at the school. (Ref: Shreveport Times, Page 7A, October 19, 1947)

In 1939, a tornado wiped out most of the town, but this school building somehow survived miraculously. Many people were killed in the tornado of 1939. Those killed in the 1939 tornado were buried in Tyson Cemetery, west of Rodessa High School.

A cemetery is located next to Rodessa High School and is called Tyson Cemetery. Tyson Cemetery was established sometime in the early 19th century. Several early 19th century interments can be found at this cemetery. This cemetery is still active. Modern headstones and fresh graves can be found.


Rodessa High School closed as a high school in 1955 when a new high school was built in nearby Vivian. The new North Caddo High School consolidated all of the high schools in the North Caddo Parish. The last senior class to graduate Rodessa High School was in 1955.

In 1956, Rodessa High School was renamed to Rodessa Elementary School (better known as Rodessa School) and remained that way until its closure. Rodessa School became a K-8 school for Caddo Parish School District. Once Rodessa High School closed, high school students had to start attending school in nearby Vivian, Louisiana to complete their education.

Rodessa High School was an all white school prior to 1965. The school desegregated in 1965 during the 1965-1966 school year.

After a high amount of asbestos was found in heater vent pipes by maintenance workers for the Caddo Parish School District, Rodessa High School was shut down effectively in 1973. Asbestos contributed to low test scores and appearent mesothelioma.Rodessa High School had also closed down due to a lack of funding, dwindling enrollment, and desegregation.

The gym had burned in a fire once after the school closed. So many people killed that they had to use the school as the morgue and also had to line the deceased up out front of the school as well as the back of the school. Many people have claimed Rodessa High School to be a “haunted school”. (Ref: HauntLA)

Someone at some point had set up a meth lab inside the former Rodessa High School. Exactly when is currently unknown. Over the years, the school was vandalized and stripped by scrappers. (Ref: uer.ca)


In 1996, there was a bit of debating about what to do with the former Rodessa High School property. However another discovery of asbestos was found. The heater vent pipes were made almost entirely of asbestos! So demolition would bankrupted the school district at the time. Nothing happened as a result. However the school district has evaluated the land and determined if there is a need for the land several times over the years.

In 2008, a group of ghost hunters were arrested for trespassing on the former Rodessa High School campus by the female sheriff deputy officer for the city of Rodessa. Several others have been given warnings by the female sheriff deputy officer to stay away from the property as it is unsafe.  Several others have trespassed on the property including paranormal experts, ghost hunters, and urban explorers curious about what was left behind.


In 2016, a handful of newspapers reported about the Caddo Parish School District considering having Rodessa High School demolished.

In August 9, 2016, Caddo Parish School Board considered demolishing the old Rodessa High School as a recommendation from district staff. Shreveport Times reports the building is too far gone to renovate and it is currently not economically viable for remodeling. Caddo Parish School District Superintendent Lamar Goree says officials, school board members, and administrators have concerns and fear the building is too dangerous to remain in the community because of its structural condition. Not because it’s a huge building.

(Ref: Washington Times, Superintendent: Caddo school almost looks haunted, Wednesday, August 10, 2016)
(Ref: Associated Press, Wednesday, August 10, 2016)
(Ref: Shreveport Times)


Today the property is fenced with a standard 6 foot chainlink fence and is overgrown with vegetation brush. Its interior has been vandalized severely. Most of windows are broken. The roof has deteriorated. The Rodessa High School building itself is contaminated with asbestos. Caddo Parish School District still owns the property. It is considered trespassing to enter the property and the building is unsafe.

Here is what you need to know if you plan on visiting. There is a house next door and directly across the street and the occupants are going to be watching your every move. They will send pitbulls to chase after you.

(Ref: uer.ca)
(Ref: Shreveport Times)


Rodessa High School is located at 9634 Rodessa Ida Road, Rodessa, Louisiana, US 71069.

Friday, July 13, 2018

What’s happening with the Bejucos in Del Valle, Texas?

Ever wonder what was going on with that former Mexican restaurant on State Highway 71 in Del Valle, Texas near the ABIA Airport? Well this news article will explain in-depth detail as to what happened with this Bejucos location.

Bejucos is a former Mexican Restaurant located on State Highway 71 in Del Valle, Texas. Bejucos operated as a restaurant at that location from 2002 to 2008. Meelay Corporation deeded the property to grantee Derek S Lin Family Limited Partnership on the date of July 31, 2003.

TCEQ discovered a leak from an underground storage tank during a routine inspection at a former Exxon location in December 2007. The tank contained gasoline and are 10,000 gallons each. The vent lines to the underground gas storage tank were unsecured with 2 cuts. If these vent lines were not secured properly, this could effect the environmental quality of Bejucos. The site soon became a brownfield with contaminated groundwater posing as an environmental hazard that would effect the environment. A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment was made. Groundwater cleanup was required.

TCEQ issued a notice about the unsecured vent lines to the Bejucos owners in December 2007. This caused owner John Chen to relocate Bejucos and move their business elsewhere to Austin, Texas in 2008. In 2008, the building was abandoned and neglected by its owners. It appears the buildings were stripped of any useful equipment and the ceiling tiles are beginning to be caving in.

Bejucos is currently owned by Derek S Lin Family Limited Partnership according to the Travis County Appraisal District, however, the business is abandoned and not in operation at this location. Derek S Lin Family Limited Partnership has no intentions of revitalizing the building or its property anytime in the future. Most of the property, pavement, and building is covered by grass and in the front.

This Bejucos location is housed at 2517 State Highway 71 East, Del Valle, Texas, US 78617.

Monday, July 9, 2018

Inside the extensive history of Austin State School - Farm Colony and Travis State School!

Travis State School (first known as Austin State School - Farm Colony) was a living center that was operated as a farm colony, work facility, and educational facility a farm colony becoming eventually a work facility and an educational facility for the mentally retarded citizens of Texas operating from 1934 to 1996. The institution taught the mentally retarded how to be self-sufficient.


Origins of the Austin State School - Farm Colony can be traced back to the location of Austin State School itself. Austin State School - Farm Colony was established on the campus of Austin State School itself in 1925 by Texas Board of Control and Dr. J. W. Bradfield. (Ref: State Board of Control, 1925).

Texas Government along Texas Mental Health Mental Retardation (TX MHMR) had felt a need to place mentally retarded citizens in a separate home away from the rest of society. The mindset of society was to place mentally retarded citizens far away from so they wouldn’t ever have a need to come into the metropolis as Austin State School was set up as an autonomous community. The ideology (idea) was for the mentally retarded to produce farm products for other ‘State Schools’ and institutions. This taught the mentally retarded how to be self-sufficient.


In 1930, Texas Governor Miriam A. Ferguson and Austin State School superintendent Dr. J. W. Bradfield proposed an idea to the Texas Board of Control along with Texas Mental Health Mental Retardation to create a farm colony, work facility, and educational facility for the mentally retarded citizens of Texas. This was because the farm colony on the Austin State School campus was running out of room and needed to be expanded elsewhere.

The Texas Government had purchased 241 acres of land from Greg Wilson, Annie LaRue Scott, and six other residents in the year of 1932 in the Decker neighborhood of East Austin. In 1933, the Texas legislature established Travis State School as the Austin State School - Farm Colony as an annex/branch of the Austin State School. (Ref: TXMHMR Public Information Office, 1989).

The farm colony itself was located at FM 969 and Decker Lane 8 miles east of Downtown Austin located near the Colorado River. East Austin, further away from US Highway 183 was all farmland with ranches which resulted in an ideal location for Austin State School - Farm Colony.

The farm colony started as a true farm community in 1934 when the first inmates were transferred from Austin State School to the Farm Colony in October 1934 which at the time had only one building. The first of several permanent dormitory buildings was erected in 1934. Austin State School - Farm Colony (Travis State School) was set up as an autonomous community.

At first, Austin State School - Farm Colony was just for men and eventually women. Children came later. ‘State School’ facilities were gender segregated due to a prevalent belief from the time period that associated mental retardation with promiscuity, alcoholism, and immoral behavior. However, there were female students even in 1934 despite the original intentions of the institutions for males only.

The Austin State School - Farm Colony was established for able-bodied, white males (including those who spoke Spanish), 8 years of age and older, who were unable to be “further  benefited” by the Austin State School, but who could “do manual work, help raise garden and farm products, care for livestock and poultry, and thus partially support themselves and the parent institution” (Ref: State Board of Control, 1936).

368 inmates were housed at Travis State School in 1938. 8 had grounds parole and were able to leave campus. The patients are all males. The buildings are two-floor brick and terrazzo construction and are well-equipped and furnished. (Ref: State Board of Control, 1938).

In 1939, student population was 450. Only 7-8 students had ground paroles. Salaries for farm work was $27 per month. Eventually due to inflation the pay rate was raised to $40 per month. Employees worked 12 hours a day. Dentists worked 8 hours a day. There were 45 female students working at the farm colony. A staff of 45 women employees and 90 male employees took care of 450 students on a daily basis. Conditions were not too primitive. (Ref: State Board of Control, 1939).

A graveyard was plotted by Texas Board of Control and was established where the water tower is today in the year of 1939. It was estimated that over 20 burials out of the dozens of residents and inmates were buried at this location.


However on January 14, 1941, the Texas Legislature and Texas Government were considering closing down the farm colony due to the fact that the farm colony was a total failure as the farm colony could not produce enough to maintain for the patients at the institution and other institutions run by the state. The Texas Legislature deemed Austin State School - Farm Colony as a “dismal failure”. However the farm colony continued operating and remained open. (Ref: State Board of Control, 1941).

By 1941, construction for the 6 two story buildings was completed. The farm colony then had around 480 inmates. The Texas Legislature deemed a need for Austin State School - Farm Colony to remain open during World War II in order to be self-sufficient.

By 1945, the farm colony had six buildings with offices. Small houses for the attendants and nurse were hauled in from other institutions across Texas.

1949 brought big changes to Travis State School.The farm colony became a separate institution from the Austin State School in 1949 despite having the name ‘Austin State School’ which it was always a part of. The farm colony was always called Austin State School - Farm Colony despite was others say. A plant nursery operated at Travis State School from 1933 to 1990. The school grew their own vegetables. Beef and pork were raised in the farm colony.

By 1955, TX MHMR had acquired an additional 195 acres from 8 more residents all of whom owned farmland. The Austin State School - Farming Colony campus eventually grew to encompass 68 buildings that spanned to the 436 acres you see today owned by KIPP Austin.

Austin State School - Farm Colony had a working farm and dairy in 1956. A cannery was built where the crops were canned and packaged for consumption for the other state institutions.


Farming operations at the facility slowly ceased in January 1961 due to the fact that the farm colony was a total failure. The farm colony could not produce enough to maintain for the patients at the institutions. The farming operations did not cease due to mental health care reforms in the 1960's from popular belief. To reflect this change, Austin State School - Farm Colony was renamed to Travis State School in January 1961.
(Ref: Handbook of Texas Online, Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, TRAVIS STATE SCHOOL)

At this point is when the Austin State School - Farm Colony was limited to older, severely retarded males transferred from the Austin State School. Both mentally handicapped individuals and physically handicapped individuals lived at Travis State School. Mostly mentally handicapped individuals lived there. Most of the residents were non-verbal.

Travis State School is very similar in setup to Marbridge Foundation and Down Home Ranch. In fact, Marbridge Foundation was modeled after Austin State School and Travis State School itself.

A dairy was operated at Travis State School until 1965. The dairy herd was auctioned-off on October 5, 1965. The dairy farm was de-established and demolished in the same year. Austin State School - Farm Colony was intended to provide a home for mentally retarded male patients who could no longer further benefit from training at the Austin State School and who were able to do work.

In 1966, construction of a new workshop facility was planned and the site of the original cemetery plot was where the new building could be placed and utilized. The MHMR Board voted to formally “abandon” the old cemetery (which had not been used for interments for 25 years) and to remove the remains to the official long-established Travis State School Cemetery.

The water tower was constructed over the first cemetery (the old Travis State School Cemetery) and graveyard in 1966. In the process of relocation, the first cemetery had been partially destroyed. There are still burials intact beneath the water tower. The new Travis State School Cemetery was replotted and relocated in 1966. The water tower still remains standing today.

Travis State School had its highest peak of patient enrollment of 1,800 patients/students in 1968 all of whom had been transferred from other institutions. A swimming pool was installed at Travis State School in 1968. Travis State School was the first state school in Texas to have a swimming pool for therapeutic purposes. Later included was a sewing room, storerooms, more offices, and a carpentry shop.


In the year of 1970, Travis State School received a grant from the Hospital Improvement Project which made it possible for the use of a unit system of treatment. A new Vocational Evaluation and Training Center was opened and staffed through a grant from the Texas Rehabilitation Commission. Female students were first admitted in 1973 for the first time since the institution gradually opened in 1934.

The reasons why Austin State School - Farm Colony ceased operations was due to revisions in the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974 and the oil recession of the 1970s that greatly effected the United States economy. Texas Government discovered the free labor residents and inmates provided was considered somewhat exploitive especially for the high functioning residents. High functioning residents were assigned to take care of low functioning residents. The State of Texas could not afford to pay residents and inmates as workers. So residents and inmates worked for free. This in turn was a violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974.

The courts ruled in 1974 residents and inmates in these institutions run by the State of Texas (federal, state-run, or otherwise) were entitled to protections under the Fair Labor Standards Act. This was a tragedy for some of the residents and inmates residing in these institutions. They had no sense of purpose and had idle time sitting on the ward despite that state run programs were still readily available.

200 residents of the Travis State School lost their jobs and 266 more jobs were phased out at the Austin State School. Prior to the court ruling, state law prohibited the institutions from paying more than $5 a week to the patients who performed jobs. A federal court decision ordered the U.S. Department of Labor to begin enforcing wage and hour provisions in state-run mental institutions across the US. (Ref: Waxahachie Daily Light, Page 7, August 20, 1974)


The Texas Government and TX MHMR had began changing its focus from institutionalization to integrated placement in local communities as this trend was becoming nationwide in the United States in the 1980s. ‘State Schools’ began to see a decline in enrollment. This was a result from efforts in deinstitutionalization. By then, state officials began following this trend. The Texas Government and TX MHMR had began changing its focus from institutionalization to deinstitutionalization. (Ref: Handbook of Texas Online, Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, TRAVIS STATE SCHOOL)

By 1981, all farming operations at the facility ceased for good. All what was left in its place was the institution and its shop buildings. The shop buildings became storage for maintenance utilities. Despite that, the nursery was still in operation until 1990.


The Travis State School functioned as an Independent School District (ISD) from 1981 to 1988. The school was mostly compromised of multi-handicapped students who were non-verbal. Several of them had suffered scoliosis. 25% percent of residents living at Travis State School were quadriplegic.

After the year of 1988 due to lack of enrollment and federal funding, Travis State School relied on the Manor Independent School District to provide academic instruction through its "mainstreaming" program instead. The Travis State School Independent School District and Austin State School Independent School District were shut down by the state due to lack of enrollment and deinstitutionalization.


In the 1990s, Travis State School was renamed to Austin State School Annex but still kept the name ‘Travis State School’ as many people referred to the institution by such name despite what others say. Texas has always historically been behind most US states to serve people with mental retardation within their own communities along with Alabama, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Illinois. 

The 1990s saw an even further decline in ‘State School’ enrollment due to deinstitutionalization and healthcare laws. Effects of deinstitutionalization became statewide. Statistics in newspapers, reports, and books showed otherwise. In 1992, Travis State School had 604 patients and 1,270 employees with a total of 86 buildings at its 436 acre property. In 1994, only 104 patients remained. They were unharmed.

In 1994, the State of Texas and City of Austin proposed a 1,000 inmate facility for a new state jail to alleviate crowding with the population in state jails. In 1996, the Travis County State Jail/Travis State Jail was built and completed. For a short while, Travis County State Jail/Travis State Jail was privately run by privatized prison industrial complex company Wackenhut Correctional Facilities from 1994 to 2001. The land where Travis County State Jail/Travis State Jail occupies is where the Farm Colony originally was for Austin State School - Farm Colony.

Due to an abuse case at Travis State School along with lawsuits such as Lelsz vs. Kavanagh and Ruiz vs. Estelle, Travis State School closed down as an agreement in a lawsuit settlement with the state of Texas and US Government in 1996. The lawsuit was both statewide and federal, thus resulting in the federal lawsuit of Lelsz vs. Kavanagh.

By 1996, Travis State School closed for good. By then all remaining 41 patients were relocated to nearby institutions such as the Austin State School (now Austin State Supported Living Center). Construction at Travis State School lasted from 1996 to 1998. Debris was left over from pervious construction teams who relocated nearly everything. Some items and various other objects were left onsite. Buildings fell into various states of decay and disrepair.

TX MHMR was involved in another lawsuit called Turner, Rona and EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) vs. Travis State School in 1996 which alleged violations of the Equal Employment Act.

In 1996, local real estate developer Peter Barlin had bought the land Travis State School was located on from Texas Board of Control. The idea for Peter Barlin purchasing the Travis State School land and buildings was to create a private version of the public housing agency called Vision Village. His main intention was to create public housing. Vision Village was supposed to be a neighborhood for low income housing. The City of Austin gave him a $1 million dollar incentive for this land development. Organizers borrowed nearly $4 million from Austin, Travis County and a local bank in 1997.

However plans fell through when Vision Village lacked the management expertise and fund-raising ability to build the housing it promised. Local real estate developer Peter Barlin had been charged criminally with penalties such as embezzlement, conspiracy, money laundering, mismanagement, and fraud. More than $5 million had been poured into the project. Peter Barlin had owned the former Travis State School site that was once set aside for Vision Village, a project that never got off the ground despite more than $1 million from the city. The Vision Village costs had ran deeper than dollars however.

Travis State School sat abandoned and vacant for a period of time from 1997 to 2004. During that time is when the building became vandalized and squatted. Graffiti covered several buildings, some of which been demolished.


In 2004, KIPP Schools (KIPP Austin) had purchased the property from Peter Barlin and the State of Texas via TX MHMR from Texas Board of Control. Some buildings however were still abandoned. These buildings were renovated overtime. Only few buildings were demolished. The Travis State School Cemetery had fallen into disrepair. Security had not been set up to protect and secure property on a 24 hour basis yet. However most of the property still sat vacant and abandoned.

This made it easy for scrappers to steal and vandalize the buildings for copper metal in order to gain a profit. One famous example would be local criminal Reginald Dane Parker. Local criminal Reginald Dane Parker had apparently been stealing copper wire there from the location site before for years. The timeframe Reginald Dane Parker had been stealing copper wire from Travis State School was from 2001 to 2005. Reginald Dane Parker was arrested and jailed by law enforcement officials in 2005.

By 2011, KIPP Austin had fully settled onto the land of the former Travis State School site. However the 8 dorms that weren’t in use were boarded up and closed off. The 9 warehouses are in various states of disrepair. Austin Police Department had set up their Child Protective Services division there in the year of 2011 as well.

In 2015, KIPP Schools contracted with local business ASC Management to secure the property as an effort in security measures. Closed-Camera surveillance cameras are now present and 24 hour security is actively on sight. Gates now hover over the buildings. Unoccupied buildings that were boarded up or abandoned are now currently in use. These building have been upgraded by being renovated. Currently businesses such as KIPP Austin, Austin Discovery School, KIPP Cafe, Austin Police Department, and Child Protective Services now occupy the land property. A small handful of former warehouses are in various states of disrepair.



[Here’s why Travis State School really closed!]

[John Lelsz Sr. with his wife, Ruth Lelsz, had filed a lawsuit that claimed Texas ‘State Schools’ along with other institutions of this kind violated the constitutional rights of their residents in 1974. Abuse was rampant in these institutions. criminal negligence, Patients were living in unsanitary condition provided by extremely inadequate living conditions. The lawsuit was Lelsz vs. Kavanagh. The lawsuit was eventually settled in 1991.

Travis State School closed down due a federal lawsuit called Lelsz vs. Kavanagh. Complainant John Lelsz Sr. and his wife Ruth Lelsz alleged their son, John Lelsz Jr. was physically abused and overtly medicated. John Lelsz Jr. was housed at Travis State School and Austin State School. John Lelsz Jr. was a blind and retarded patient who was physically aggressive with others and prone to violent outbursts. As a result he was overmedicated by Travis State School and Austin State School staff and the medical faculty.

When his parents went to visit him at Travis State School and Austin State School, they notices bruises, scars, and various other lacerations on his body.John Lelsz Jr. had acquired a head gash requiring six stitches, a black eye and swollen face while at Austin State School. Austin State School staff had used cattle prods to administer electroshock therapy on John Lelsz Jr. was a very difficult patient. Both parents filed a lawsuit against the state of Texas. Such said lawsuit eventually reached Federal Court. This led to the closure of the Travis State School in 1996.

By 1998, Travis State School closed for good. By then all remaining 41 patients were relocated to nearby institutions such as the Austin State School (now Austin State Supported Living Center). By 1999, lawsuits of Lelsz vs. Kavanagh and Ruiz vs. Estelle were mostly settled with the fact most of the complainants, plaintiffs, defendants, defenders, lawyers, and attorneys, were somewhat not satisfied with the Texas Governments’ actions with some justice being unserved to the victims and those whom were harmed.

As a result of delayed justice, John Lelsz Jr. was removed from Austin State School to a psychiatric institution in Arkansas in 1997. Since then his family relocated him back to Texas. His parents have since passed away. John Lelsz Sr. passed away in June 1995.]


[As for the government properties of Austin State School - Farm Colony and Travis State School…]

[The Travis State School Cemetery still remains onsite hidden away from KIPP Austin campus. The cemetery has fallen into disrepair. Many graves, tombstones, and other identifiers such as markers remain untouched despite the future plans from the Texas Government to remove such graves. The Texas Government decided to leave the graves untouched. The Travis State School Cemetery has fallen into disrepair.]

[Austin State School - Farm Colony had moved back to its original location at the “original” Austin State School (now Austin State Supported Living Center) in 1998. Austin State School - Farm Colony has now been reduced to a garden to a size of 4 rows as of 2016. The farm colony is a former shill of what it once was. No longer are extreme amounts of tax dollars being poured into the farm colony. The farm colony no longer exists.]


Austin State School - Farm Colony and Travis State School was located at 8509 FM 969, Austin, Texas, US 78725.

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

History of abuse at Sunmount Developmental Center overlooked.

There have been cases of abuse reported at Sunmount Developmental Center in Tupper Lake, New York that have gone unsolved over the years. Abuse is a contentious issue. In many cases, cases of abuse go unsolved. Sunmount Developmental Center is no exception. It was not all good with parents of the residents that resided in this institution.

Sunmount Developmental Center suffers from a high amount of injury from staff onto residents. Staff often assaults the residents that live here. There is also a high injury rate amongst residents. Many residents aren’t adequately fed. The mentally and physically disabled go through enough on their own.

In the 1970s, a handful of cases regarding abuse appeared in newspapers such as Rochester Times, The Tribune, Buffalo Times, and Watertown Daily Times (Watertown Daily). Parents raised concern about questionable treatment practices on residents.


During an interview with Watertown Daily Times in June 1973, former resident John Boyer recalled the only  marked abuse he saw was when he lining up with his ward mates to get their teeth brushed. “When they'd line us up to brush our teeth. If anybody was talking, the attendant would come down the line slapping us all in the face." 

The routine punishments consisted of "walking the halls" by having the residents walk in a long continual line about the wards until they were quiet. Attendants would get the noisy residents "walking the halls" by having the residents walk in a long line around the wards until they were quiet. This way attendants could assure residents kept quiet.

John Boyer witnessed residents being straight-jacketed to air heaters along ward walls. Slaps to the face occurred on a monthly basis. Dental care was poor and skin infections were rampant.

In another case of abuse, the parents of Pat Burns noticed the body of their own son had questionable scars and bruises when visiting him at Sunmount State School. They began noticing scars on Pat’s neck. No official answers were ever give as to how Pat obtained scars on his neck. How the bruises got there are questionable.  "They told us Pat was not a 'fighter' and other boys picked on him." Mrs. Burns said.

The Burnses photographed their son's neck and complained to the school authorities. After his parents complained, Pat was put into isolation as administration at the school decided this was a solution. He remained in an isolation ward for an extended period of time.

Pat's parents also noticed their son had developed a fear of older men, which led Mrs. Burns to suspect he may have been abused by school attendants. They also noticed he had a fear of stairs. Now 65 years old, Pat Burns is still afraid of stairs and unable to walk down them. 
(Ref: Watertown Daily Times, Page 13, June 1973)

According to Adkins family and from an internal report provided to The Times by the family,
Sunmount Developmental Center resident Eddie Adkins was set upon by several staff members after he grew upset that he was not allowed to go to the bathroom. A melee soon ensued by four state four state employees punching Eddie Adkins while he was sitting on a couch.

A deaf resident nearby told state investigators that he saw four state employees punching Eddie Adkins while he was sitting on a couch. He was so disturbed that he turned his hearing aid off during the melee. The assault took place in October 2011 when the staffers took down a male resident in the dining hall.

Two former employees of the Sunmount Developmental Center were sentenced to jail stemming from an October 2013 cover-up on the date of December 6, 2016. Jessica Rice and Suzanne Decheine assaulted an 18-year-old resident and gave him a head injury, which resulted into a seizure and a concussion. Both Jessica Rice and Suzanne Decheine covered this up from their superiors.

Friday, June 8, 2018

History of Sunmount Developmental Center overlooked.

Sunmount Developmental Center was built in 1922 on a typical cottage plan common for institutions of that time period. Its architectural style is Classic Revival. Construction for Sunmount Developmental Center was a 2 year period from 1922 to 1924.

Sunmount Developmental Center opened up as Sunmount Veterans Administration Hospital for treatment of veterans with tuberculosis in 1924. Sunmount Veterans Administration Hospital had operated as a tuberculosis hospital from 1924 to 1965. In 1924, tuberculosis cases among veterans of World War I was extremely high. Previously many veterans had been housed by contract with the Veterans Administration in private hospitals.
(Ref: asylumprojects.org)


Sunmount Veterans Administration Hospital closed as a tuberculosis hospital in 1965. The hospital was renamed to Sunmount State School and was turned into a private hospital ending its tenure as a public hospital. (Ref: asylumprojects.org)

Sunmount State School reopened as private nonprofit facility on the date of September 1, 1965 for people with developmental disabilities as an immediate care facility for the mentally retarded. Sunmount State School started admitting patients by transfer from other State Schools in New York State on the date of September 20, 1965. Most staff, attendants, and doctors, no previous experience with the mentally retarded but the period of transitioning was smooth with much cooperation.

Dr. Oleh Wolansky was the first director of Sunmount State School. Richard L. Francis, M.D was director for the entire school. Both Dr. Oleh Wolansky and Richard L. Francis, M.D were in charge of this State School. Its medical consisted staff of 40 specialists in practically all the fields of medicine known to humankind. The school provided full rehabilitation services for the residents of any age.

The population was 511 residents in March 30, 1967. Its 511 residents consisted of 233 females and 278 males. 10% percent of the residents have been permanently placed in the community in March 10, 1967. Patients long considered to be bedridden thanks to intensive physical therapy, were now beginning to walk. By 1967, Sunmount State School was full 'open door' facility and had enjoyed excellent relations with the community. A garment textile factory was constructed in 1967. (Ref: Buffalo Times)



However it was not all good with parents of the residents that resided in this institution. There have been cases of abuse reported at Sunmount Developmental Center that have gone unsolved over the years. Abuse is a contentious issue. In many cases, cases of abuse go unsolved. Sunmount Developmental Center is no exception.

Sunmount Developmental Center suffers from a high amount of injury from staff onto residents. Staff often assaults the residents that live here. There is also a high injury rate amongst residents. Many residents aren’t adequately fed. The mentally and physically disabled go through enough on their own.

In the 1970s, a handful of cases regarding abuse appeared in newspapers such as Rochester Times, The Tribune, Buffalo Times, and Watertown Daily Times (Watertown Daily). Parents raised concern about questionable treatment practices on residents.


During an interview with Watertown Daily Times in June 1973, former resident John Boyer recalled the only  marked abuse he saw was when he lining up with his ward mates to get their teeth brushed. “When they'd line us up to brush our teeth. If anybody was talking, the attendant would come down the line slapping us all in the face." 

The routine punishments consisted of "walking the halls" by having the residents walk in a long continual line about the wards until they were quiet. Attendants would get the noisy residents "walking the halls" by having the residents walk in a long line around the wards until they were quiet. This way attendants could assure residents kept quiet.

John Boyer witnessed residents being straight-jacketed to air heaters along ward walls. Slaps to the face occurred on a monthly basis. Dental care was poor and skin infections were rampant.

In another case of abuse, the parents of Pat Burns noticed the body of their own son had questionable scars and bruises when visiting him at Sunmount State School. They began noticing scars on Pat’s neck. No official answers were ever give as to how Pat obtained scars on his neck. How the bruises got there are questionable.  "They told us Pat was not a 'fighter' and other boys picked on him." Mrs. Burns said.

The Burnses photographed their son's neck and complained to the school authorities. After his parents complained, Pat was put into isolation as administration at the school decided this was a solution. He remained in an isolation ward for an extended period of time.

Pat's parents also noticed their son had developed a fear of older men, which led Mrs. Burns to suspect he may have been abused by school attendants. They also noticed he had a fear of stairs. Now 65 years old, Pat Burns is still afraid of stairs and unable to walk down them. 
(Ref: Watertown Daily Times, Page 13, June 1973)



Doctors reported on July 20, 1972 that Sunmount State School was in dire need of a good used portable sewing machine. Richard L. Francis, M.D requested for a good sewing machine to be installed.

Richard L. Francis, M.D requested programs for mentally retarded crippled children at Sunmount State School in 1973. In 1973, programs for mentally retarded crippled children were initiated at the Sunmount State School, specifically at the “crippled ward”.

Sunmount Developmental Center has been a private nonprofit facility that has been a Medicad participant since 1975. Sunmount State School was renamed to Sunmount Developmental Center in 1976. Sunmount Developmental Center received between $70,000 and $80,000 per year for each person in 1976.

Sunmount Developmental Center later assumed the added responsibilities of coordinator of client programs by hiring more qualified staff during the 1980s.

Today the population of Sunmount Developmental Center is 105 residents. Sunmount Developmental Center receives between $80,000 and $120,000 per year for each person. Most of which is through Medicaid money.


Sunmount Developmental Center is located in Tupper Lake, New York, US.

Cases of abuse at Sunmount Developmental Center overlooked by secrecy.

There have been cases of abuse reported at Sunmount Developmental Center that have gone unsolved over the years. Abuse is a contentious issue. In many cases, cases of abuse go unsolved. However with Sunmount Developmental Center, this is no exception.

The code of silence is just part of the culture as it is at many such institutions. Secrecy is common place in private institutions. Many staff will not talk to news reporters about the issues of this institution. Secrecy and cover-ups of abuse are what plague private institutions such as Sunmount Developmental Center.

Sunmount Developmental Center suffers from a high amount of injury from staff onto residents. Staff often assaults the residents that live here. There is also a high injury rate amongst residents. Many residents aren’t adequately fed. The mentally and physically disabled go through enough on their own.


For instance, take a look at the reports of abuse below for cited examples.:

According to Adkins family and from an internal report provided to The Times by the family,
Sunmount Developmental Center resident Eddie Adkins was set upon by several staff members after he grew upset that he was not allowed to go to the bathroom. A melee soon ensued by four state four state employees punching Eddie Adkins while he was sitting on a couch.

A deaf resident nearby told state investigators that he saw four state employees punching Eddie Adkins while he was sitting on a couch. He was so disturbed that he turned his hearing aid off during the melee. The assault took place in October 2011 when the staffers took down a male resident in the dining hall.


Two former employees of the Sunmount Developmental Center were sentenced to jail stemming from an October 2013 cover-up on the date of December 6, 2016. Jessica Rice and Suzanne Decheine assaulted an 18-year-old resident and gave him a head injury, which resulted into a seizure and a concussion. Both Jessica Rice and Suzanne Decheine covered this up from their superiors.

Prosecutors said neither sought immediate medical assistance for the victim. The Justice Center alleges the trio intentionally covered up the facts and circumstances surrounding the victim’s injuries along with co-workers Jeff Defayette.

All of the employees were fired following the incident with the exception of Norton who was suspended without pay.


Sunmount Developmental Center reopened as private nonprofit facility in 1965 for people with developmental disabilities as an immediate care facility for the mentally retarded. Sunmount Developmental Center is a private nonprofit facility that has been a Medicad participant since 1975. Sunmount Developmental Center receives between $80,000 and $120,000 per year for each person. Most of which is through Medicaid money.
Sunmount Developmental Center is located in Tupper Lake, New York, US.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Sales of ivory to be banned in the United Kingdom.

MSN reports the sale of ivory is to be banned in the United Kingdom. It is part of the UK government plan to help protect elephants as a humanitarian effort towards animal rights. The ban will cover ivory items of any age, not just containing new ivory. This will be the toughest ban in the UK to date.

The number of wild elephants has dropped by almost ⅓rd in the last decade. 20,000 elephants are slaughtered each year for their tusks which are valuable to poachers. Poachers hunt endangered species of elephants for their tusks. The international trade of illegal ivory is $16 billion (USD)/£17 billion (UK pounds) each year.

Legislation will be placed in soon as possible. 88% of UK citizens support the ban. It is unclear when the UK ban will come into effect. However UK citizens hope the ban will com into effect sometime by 2018. Parliament has not come to a conclusion or has made a final decision yet. 

What happened to Billy Calhoun from the Children Of Darkness documentary? (Revisited)

To rehash from the previous news article written by Michael Mixerr for Mixerr Reviews called “What happened to Billy Calhoun from the Children Of Darkness documentary?”, some words have been changed upon request from family members.

Patient William Calhoun (Billy Calhoun) was featured in the 1983 documentary called Children of Darkness. Billy Calhoun was the patient who was hurting himself so badly from his self-injurious behaviors and being escorted by orderlies around the hospital at the very beginning of the Children Of Darkness documentary.

Billy Calhoun was another star of the documentary as he was featured all over the place in regard to this documentary. Richard Kotuk focused a portion of his time filming Billy Calhoun due to his strange behavior. Billy Calhoun has a profound case of severe autism.

The Children of Darkness documentary was broadcasted nationally on television in the United States on PBS that same year. The Children of Darkness documentary explored the lack of mental health care in America for juvenile psychiatry. Many seriously emotionally disturbed youth were shown. Richard Kotuk filmed and directed Children of Darkness documentary.


William Calhoun (Billy Calhoun) was born in 1963. At the age of 4, he was labeled severely mentally retarded. He was then later diagnosed with autism. As a child, Billy was suffering from severe autism. His severe autism caused him to act out in an aggressive manner as he was dangerous around others and himself. His family could no longer handle him or his dangerous destructive behavior. At the age of 7, he was placed in a state institution called Sagamore Children’s Hospital. His mother, Mary Calhoun, saw him every week until she died. He was in a state of constant panic being unaware of what was going on around him.

During his stay as a patient at the Sagamore Children’s Hospital, his self-injurious behaviors worsened as he acted more aggressive towards staff. Every 2 to 3 hours, Billy would be “walked” by orderlies around the hospital so his muscles would not atrophy or deteriorate. Billy had attacked hospital staff and orderlies in the past as described in the documentary. Most of the time he was strapped to his bed at the time of during the filming session for this documentary. While at Sagamore Children’s Hospital, Billy underwent intense therapy while being in restraints for 2 ½ years long.

When he was 19, he was transferred over to South Beach Psychiatric Care Center in Brooklyn, New York. Since then he has stayed at that hospital which is not too far from South Beach Psychiatric Hospital.


Billy Calhoun is still alive and is now at the age of 54. Things have changed. Billy has undergone several behavioral interventions and therapy sessions. Some of his phases eventually passed. The lobotomy and shock therapy never happened. As a result, Billy Calhoun now receives 24 hour care around the clock. He is well cared for.

The self-injurious behaviors and self-destructive behavior is still evident and present. Just to a level that lets him function to the point where he can function to be not as aggressive or dangerous as he once was earlier in his lifetime. Billy is now heavily medicated by fair amounts of drugs.

Things have changed, but we can never undo the abuse, trauma, pain, suffering, and torture he went through as a child. What happened there is beyond words.

Krawchyk School history of Manitoba, Canada forgotten.

Krawchyk School was an elementary school that operated from 1911 to 1998 in the city of Winnipeg. St. James-Assiniboia School Division owned and operated Krawchyk School for operated for 87 years.

Krawchyk School was originally built to educate students in grades 1 to 3. The original building had one entrance for boys and one for girls with separate staircases. These were two stairs cases inside the school. An addition later was added on the south side of the building. The connecting wing and gym was added on the north side of the building.

Sometime later during the 20th century is when 4th grade added to this school. The homeroom for the 4th grade class was located right to the library in a straight shotgun styled hallway. The two doors at the end of the hallway led down to the gym.

The school closed in 1998. Krawchyk School was 1 of 26 schools that the James-Assiniboia School Division had closed within the last 40 years. The school sat vacant for 11 years before getting demolished on the date of February 6, 2009.

During demolition is when all the ballasts were removed. Ballasts contain toxic PCBs so they are removed before general demolition. Only older ballasts made prior to the 1980's were considered toxic. The newer ones were not so much.

Krawchyk School was located at 1950 Pacific Avenue West, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Indigenous Indian history of Peace Point, Alberta, Canada explored.

Peace Point has been occupied by boreal forest and plains over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada. Indigenous peoples were said to have occupied the land over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Beaver Indians were first among the indigenous tribes to have first occupied this land. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada.

*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, The formation of artifact assemblages at workshop/habitation sites: models from Peace Point in northern Alberta, American Antiquity 5063-8 1, 1985)
*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, Window on the Past: Archaeological Assessment of the Peace
Point Site, Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, 1986)


Peace Point was founded by the Cree Indians in 1750. In the mid-1750s, the Cree tribe was the first among Indian tribes of Canada to obtain access to firearms. The Cree tribe displaced the Beaver Indians to the northwest.

By 1760, the western front of Cree expansion eventually pushed the Danezaa people to the north and west. This led to what was called The Cree-Danezaa conflicts. The Cree-Danezaa conflicts lasted for 2 decades until the smallpox epidemic in 1781 decimated the Cree Indian Tribe in the region. The Cree Tribe displaced the Beaver Indians.

The Cree-Danezaa conflicts were resolved with a peace treaty in 1782, a year after the smallpox epidemic in 1781 wiped out nearly the entire population of the Danezaa people and Cree tribe. The peace treat was ratified in the same year. A peace pipe ceremony was held at Peace Point. Peace Point was the site of a peace agreement between the Cree and Chipewyan in 1784.

Peace River served as a boundary for both indigenous Indian tribes. The river became the boundary with the Danezaa tribe on the left bank (to the north and west) and the Cree tribe on the right bank (the south and east). Peace River served as a cultural boundary between the two indigenous tribes.

Much controversy has arisen over the displacement of aboriginal groups from their traditional territories at the outset of the fur trade during the 18th century. This never has been resolved.


By the beginning of the 21st century, less than 20 people were living in the small settlement of Peace Point. Industry Canada shows that Peace Point had a total population of 15 people in 2001 within the rural area. 15 people were living within 6 dwellings in where they reside. Many still speak the Cree language.
(Ref: Industry Canada, 2001)

Today in the 21st century, Peace Point is an unincorporated community in Alberta, Canada within Wood Buffalo National Park. Peace Point is a historical settlement with historic value.

History of Peace Point, Alberta, Canada explored and explained.

Peace Point has been occupied by boreal forest and plains over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada. Indigenous peoples were said to have occupied the land over the last 7,000-8,000 years. Beaver Indians were first among the indigenous tribes to have first occupied this land. Boreal forest surrounds the plains of northern Canada.

*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, The formation of artifact assemblages at workshop/habitation sites: models from Peace Point in northern Alberta, American Antiquity 5063-8 1, 1985)
*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, Window on the Past: Archaeological Assessment of the Peace
Point Site, Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, 1986)


Peace Point was founded by the Cree Indians in 1750. In the mid-1750s, the Cree tribe was the first among Indian tribes of Canada to obtain access to firearms. The Cree tribe displaced the Beaver Indians to the northwest.

By 1760, the western front of Cree expansion eventually pushed the Danezaa people to the north and west. This led to what was called The Cree-Danezaa conflicts. The Cree-Danezaa conflicts lasted for 2 decades until the smallpox epidemic in 1781 decimated the Cree Indian Tribe in the region. The Cree Tribe displaced the Beaver Indians.

The Cree-Danezaa conflicts were resolved with a peace treaty in 1782, a year after the smallpox epidemic in 1781 wiped out nearly the entire population of the Danezaa people and Cree tribe. The peace treat was ratified in the same year. A peace pipe ceremony was held at Peace Point. Peace Point was the site of a peace agreement between the Cree and Chipewyan in 1784.

Peace River served as a boundary for both indigenous Indian tribes. The river became the boundary with the Danezaa tribe on the left bank (to the north and west) and the Cree tribe on the right bank (the south and east). Peace River served as a cultural boundary between the two indigenous tribes.

Much controversy has arisen over the displacement of aboriginal groups from their traditional territories at the outset of the fur trade during the 18th century. This never has been resolved.

A man named Alexander Mackenzie set foot on in Peace Point while making a stop while traveling westwards towards the Yukon River on the date of October 12, 1792. Alexander Mackenzie came from Scotland, United Kingdom of Great Britain. Alexander Mackenzie's overnight stop was on the date of October 13, 1792.

*(Ref: Mark G. Stevenson, Window on the Past: Archaeological Assessment of the Peace
Point Site, Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, 1986)

People from Fort Chipewyan brought their horses to Peace Point to graze upon its extensive prairie in the 18th century. Most of these people emigrated from Scotland and England during the 18th century to Fort Chipewyan. From here they migrated to Peace Point.


More people and settlers from Scotland came from Fort Chipewyan during the 19th century. The population of Peace Point began shrinking in the 20th century. The settlement had a population of 200 at one point.

By the beginning of the 21st century, less than 20 people were living in the small settlement of Peace Point. Industry Canada shows that Peace Point had a total population of 15 people in 2001 within the rural area. 15 people were living within 6 dwellings in where they reside.
(Ref: Industry Canada, 2001)

Today in the 21st century, Peace Point is an unincorporated community in Alberta, Canada within Wood Buffalo National Park. Peace Point is a historical settlement with historic value. Many still speak the Cree language.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital in St. John’s, Newfoudland, Canada forgotten.

In 1966, Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was built as a 4 story children's hospital in St. John’s, Newfoudland, Canada. Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was originally named the Dr. Charles Alderson Janeway Child Health Centre after Charles Alderson Janeway. Dr. Charles Alderson was hugely responsible for helping establish this children’s hospital.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was established on the old US Military Base Hospital at Fort Pepperell. In fact, Pleasantville Janeway Hospital used to be the Fort Pepperell US Military Hospital, but was converted into a new children's hospital in 1966. Pleasantville Janeway Hospital operated as a children’s hospital for 30 years until 1996.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital went under several names over the years when it operated as a children’s hospital such as, Pleasantville Janeway Hospital, Janeway Children's Health and Rehabilitation Centre, Dr. Charles Alderson Janeway Child Health Centre, Pleasantville Janeway Children’s Hospital, Pleasantville Janeway, Janeway Children’s Hospital, and Janeway Hospital.

This children's hospital helped children and infants who suffered from serious health conditions get better and continue a healthy lifestyle ever year when it was in operation.

However this hospital faced conditions of overcrowding but there was not enough room to house the parents of children admitted to the hospital. No hotels were located near the hospital. Travel prices were a burden for many visiting parents who needed to be close(r) to their children.

Because of this among several other issues, St. Johns Northwest Rotary Club raised $2.5 million dollars to build the Rotary-Janeway Hostel in 1982 to relieve overcrowding at the children’s hospital. Rotary-Janeway Hostel was located across the street from the hospital. The hostel provided parents and families with a cheap and close place to stay. Rotary-Janeway Hostel charged parents and family members the cheap price of $32 dollars a night for a room and could check in 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

In 1996 the hospital to be part of a health complex at a nearby university after much need to expand its space to a growing population in Canada. After that the hospital was abandoned.

There was a fire in one of the wings on the main floor in 1997. Several ceiling tiles collapsed inside after the fire. Many wires were found hanging down. Nobody exactly knows what exactly caused or started the fire to this building complex.

The building is no longer extant today. All that is left now is a vacant field of green grass.

Pleasantville Janeway Hospital was located in St. John’s, Newfoudland and Labrador, Canada forgotten.

History of Uranium City High School in Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada isolated.

Uranium City School was one of Canada’s most infamous high schools and most infamous abandoned schools. Many fellow Canadians know the history about this school. However it has been isolated from the main roads of Saskatchewan. Uranium City High School provided secondary education.

Uranium City High School was built sometime during the 20th century. It is unclear exactly when or what year Uranium City High School was built. The principal for Uranium City High School was Jack Krieser throughout much of its history.

 Candu High School was built to replace the existing Uranium City High School building. The principal for Uranium City High School was Jack Krieser.

It was reported by Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan that Uranium City High School had higher than desirable levels of radon in the year of 1976. Providence council installed a temporary air exchange system. This was only a temporary solution. However a new school building needed to be built due to the undesirable levels of radon. Uranium City High School needed to be demolished.

Winnipeg Free Press stated, “Environmental officials said Thursday three schools in the northern Saskatchewan community of Uranium City have been closed because excessive radiation levels were found in two them. The officials told a news conference that radon gas, a type of radiation which is thought to promote lung cancer after exposure for long periods, was foundin excessive amounts in two schools.”
(Ref: Winnipeg Free Press, RADON FIND CLOSES 3 N. SASK. SCHOOLS REGINA, Page 63, Friday, March 5, 1976)

So the old Uranium City High School building was demolished in 1977 and the new Candu High School building was built in the same year. Construction took about a whole year to complete from 1977 to about 1978. Construction went throughout the summer.

In the fall of 1978 is when Candu High School opened. Candu High School was named after Canada's famous line of nuclear reactors. At first the school was called Uranium City High School before becoming Candu High School in 1979. Candu High School was the best-equipped high school in North Canada during its time as an operating school. It was and had been built for millions of dollars. The mine backfill was used for the school foundation.

Candu High School closed in 1982 at just 4 years old. It was just four years old when Uranium City folded as a city. The high school in Uranium City closed down due to lack of services available and dwindling enrollment of course. In 1983, the school was abandoned. The school sat vacant for years while all along becoming vandalized.

Today it is the most vandalized building in town. Every window has been shattered. Its wooden gym floor is all warped in waves since it’s been exposed to the chemical elements from radiation. All sinks are gone. Scrappers had removed all wiring. Books cover the floor to the library. Littered throughout the whole building are broken hockey sticks. (This is Canada after all.)

Uranium City School was located on Uranium Road, Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada.

History of Candu High School in Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada isolated.

Candu High School is one of Canada’s most infamous high schools and most infamous abandoned schools. Many fellow Canadians know the history about this school. However it has been isolated from the main roads of Saskatchewan. Candu High School provided secondary education.

Before there was ever a Candu High School, there was an Uranium City High School. Candu High School was built to replace the existing Uranium City High School building. The principal for Uranium City High School was Jack Krieser.

It was reported by Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan that Uranium City High School had higher than desirable levels of radon in the year of 1976. Providence council installed a temporary air exchange system. This was only a temporary solution. However a new school building needed to be built due to the undesirable levels of radon. Uranium City High School needed to be demolished.

As cited in the Ottawa Journal, “Officials said at first the radiation came from land fill but later in the news conference said it came from the ground but not necessarily the land fill. Further details on the source of radiation were not immediately available. Deputy Environment Minister Grant Mitchell said the only school with an acceptable radon level, Gilchrist School, was the only one with a functioning air exchange system. It was closed as a precautionary measure. He said the higher levels at the other schools could be traced to poor ventilation.” 

In houses with closed windows and no other ventilation system. Mr. Mitchell said air exchange systems are being installed at the schools and the schools will be reopened if checks Monday show acceptable radon levels. The radon levels were discovered as part of a general survey of areas where uranium has been or is being mined.”
(Ref: The Ottawa Journal, Page 22, Friday, March 5, 1976)

Winnipeg Free Press stated, “Environmental officials said Thursday three schools in the northern Saskatchewan community of Uranium City have been closed because excessive radiation levels were found in two them. The officials told a news conference that radon gas, a type of radiation which is thought to promote lung cancer after exposure for long periods, was found in excessive amounts in two schools.”
(Ref: Winnipeg Free Press, RADON FIND CLOSES 3 N. SASK. SCHOOLS REGINA, Page 63, Friday, March 5, 1976)


So the old Uranium City High School building was demolished in 1977 and the new Candu High School building was built in the same year. Construction took about a whole year to complete from 1977 to about 1978. Construction went throughout the summer.

In the fall of 1978 is when Candu High School opened. Candu High School was named after Canada's famous line of nuclear reactors. At first the school was called Uranium City High School before becoming Candu High School in 1979. Candu High School was the best-equipped high school in North Canada during its time as an operating school. It was and had been built for millions of dollars. The mine backfill was used for the school foundation.

Candu High School closed in 1982 at just 4 years old. It was just four years old when Uranium City folded as a city. The high school in Uranium City closed down due to lack of services available and dwindling enrollment of course. In 1983, the school was abandoned. The school sat vacant for years while all along becoming vandalized.


Today it is the most vandalized building in town. Every window has been shattered. Its wooden gym floor is all warped in waves since it’s been exposed to the chemical elements from radiation. All sinks are gone. Scrappers had removed all wiring. Books cover the floor to the library. Littered throughout the whole building are broken hockey sticks. (This is Canada after all.)

Candu High School is located on Uranium Road, Uranium City, Saskatchewan, Canada.