Showing posts with label politics. Show all posts
Showing posts with label politics. Show all posts

Monday, November 12, 2018

Why pro-lifers crave drama.

Pro-lifers want drama. They are martyrs. They crave the attention regardless of what is best for the child or not during pregnancy. It doesn’t matter what is best for the child. The person who gets the credit is the parent in said situation. Not the child. It’s almost abuse to the child.

A significant portion of pro-lifers have a tremendous martyrdom complex which can be considered unrealistic, irrational, and cruel by many. You see this a lot with conservative Christians and backwards extremist Islamics. Our human culture rewards this sort of behavior and it is quite sickening. They use offspring as ransom for financial gains.

More or less to them pro-lifers, it gets their message out for whatever they have to say. It’s the glorification of martyrdom they want to receive. There's already a huge lack of resources in this world as the entire planet is living in limited resources.

History of Brewton Springs School in Austin, Texas rehashed.

Brewton Springs School was one of the many forgotten educational institutions of Austin/Travis County that have been long forgotten. In fact, Brewton Springs School was one of the many Travis County rural schools. As a school, Brewton Springs School operated from 1879 to 1950. Brewton Springs School was devoted to education.

Brewton Springs School was also called Bruton Springs School which that school was sometimes referred to as. Brewton Springs School went under several names over the years as its time operating as a school such as Snuff Box School, Snuff Box, and Bruton Springs School.


Brewton Springs School was established in 1879 as a 1-12 school which taught grades 1 through 12. School was taught in an old picket house located on the Allen Farm taught by Miss Annie Gambee. Miss Annie Gambee was the first teacher. Students sat on benches made of elm logs. Each bench furnished seats for 5 to 6 students. Its earliest school trustees were Herbert H. Allen, Joe Hutson, and Pate Patterson.

The school was granted its own school district in 1879. Although Brewton Springs School was within bounds of present day Eanes ISD boundaries, Brewton Springs School had its own school district called School District #50 that was not connected with Eanes School or to the Eanes School District #48 (now known as Eanes ISD) at that time.

Brewton Springs School was a completely autonomous school operated as cited in the book Eanes: Portrait of a Community. Brewton Springs School instead operated as a “county school” under Travis County Public Schools for the Travis County Common School District.

(Ref: Eanes: Portrait of a Community, Linda Vance, 1986)
(Ref: Eanes: A History of the School and Community, Linda Vance, 1976)


In 1881, the first school was built as a 15’ x 10’ foot box square building designed as a one-room schoolhouse located on the Jim Brewton farm. Hence the name Brewton Springs. The school only had one door. By 1881 Brewton Springs School had county funding and state funding allocated towards the school.
The old picket house reverted back to the Allen Farm in 1881 as part of their agreement in terms of ownership. No deeds were created. The school district gave the house back to Jack Allen.

The architectural design of the school building was built as a snuff box. Because the school was shaped similarly to a snuff box, students called the school “Snuff Box School”. However the name Snuff Box did not derive from the architecture of the school building itself.

Brewton Springs School was called the Snuff Box School during the 19th century and early to middle 20th century because so many of its students chewed tobacco and dipped snuff. That is how the name Snuff Box came about. (Ref: Lone Star Travel Guide to Texas Hill County, 2011)

Brewton Springs School was located east of Bee Cave and west of Cuernavaca Drive near Patterson Road less than 0.2 miles of the junction of Cuernavaca Drive & FM 2244. The roads were unpaved.

During its earliest years when tax funds ran low and there was not enough money to pay a teacher, students from Brewton Springs School attended school at Bee Caves School, Teck School, Cox Springs School, and Eanes School. It was only on occasion that Brewton Springs School students were sent to Bee Cave to attend the Bee Cave School.

In 1888, the State of Texas closed down Brewton Springs School because when tax funds ran low, there was not enough money to pay a teacher or 2 teachers. This was only temporary. Brewton Springs School students were sent to Bee Cave to attend the Bee Cave School until 1890. The school reopened in 1890. This time the school had 3 teachers. Enrollment was 80 students. A majority of its students were white.

A split caused by a change and shift in scholastics resulting in a small house to be built at Walnut Springs in the Walnut Springs Baptist Church. 2 houses in the school district proved to be too many. School terms were split. One term was taught half at one house and half at the other. So the school moved back to the Allen farm and away from the Jim Brewton farm. Brewton Springs School moved a series of several times during its history throughout the 19th century and 20th century.

1892 is when the Walnut Springs Baptist Church house had burned. It is unclear how the school burned. It could have been antics by local children or its students. This fire had no documentation or produced leads as to who had done it. (Ref: The Defender, 1936)

Around 1896 is when Brewton Springs School was moved to the Thomas Riley Place. At this point the school moved several times. The school district hired 3 more teachers to teach at the school.
(Ref: Eanes: Portrait of a Community, Linda Vance, 1986)
(Ref: Eanes: A History of the School and Community, Linda Vance, 1976)


Brewton Springs School was moved again in 1904. During the same year, the school was remodeled with more lumber from leftover donations. Benches were donated. 14 teachers were hired throughout the 1904-1905 school term. 34 students attended this school during the 1904-1905 school term.

Green Hudson owned a ranch and gave 5 acres of land for a school in 1922. It was at this that Brewton Springs School was moved onto Patterson Road (then Patterson Lane) near Patterson Ranch. Edna Patterson donated .02 acres of land to the school. Brewton Springs School was located on top of a hill near Patterson Ranch. Brewton Springs School was an all white school with a 97% white/caucasian student population. 2% of the student population was Mexican (Hispanic).

Brewton Springs School was a one-room schoolhouse when it was located on top of a hill near Patterson Ranch on Patterson Road. Sometime in the 1920s is when the school building was later expanded to become a two-room schoolhouse.

Even in the 1920s when most schools were 1-8 schools, Brewton Springs School was a 1-12 school unlike Eanes School were school stopped at 7th grade. From the 1920s on, Eanes School did not go beyond the 7th grade. The 1920s is when Eanes School began changing its scholastics by primarily teaching elementary school grades.

(Ref: Eanes: A History of the School and Community, Linda Vance, 1976)
(Ref: Eanes: Portrait of a Community, Linda Vance, 1986)

(From the 1920s on, Eanes School did not go beyond the 7th grade. The 1920s is when Eanes School began changing its scholastics by primarily teaching elementary school grades. 8th grade students were bussed to Allan Junior High School. Although Eanes School did not mainly go beyond the 7th grade, Eanes School still taught middle school students and high school students until 1943. After 1943, high school students attended Austin High School and Allan High School. Middle school students attended Allan Junior High School and later O. Henry Middle School. Some had remained at Eanes School as the school had taught middle school grades until 1950. Eanes ISD would continue busing its high school students to Austin ISD until 1967.)


1936 is when the school district began making plans to tear down and rebuild the then-current Brewton Springs School building. Meetings were held with the Superintendent of Travis County Public Schools. It was decided that the old log cabin school be sold to land owner Homer Teague.

In 1937, the school was torn down and rebuilt on John Teague’s property located on FM 2244 (Bee Cave Road) near Cuernavaca Drive by the Teague land. John Teague and Homer Teague moved into the old schoolhouse afterwards. The other old log cabin schoolhouse remained as a private residence on the Teague land.

While the school was being moved, classes were held in Watson Springs Baptist Church. Watson Springs Baptist Church was a single-room frame church. The church was also nicknamed “Snuff Box Church” and “Snuff Box Baptist Church” because members of the congregation used to spit tobacco juice out of the window during services. (Ref: Eanes: Portrait of a Community, Linda Vance, 1986)

By 1938, Brewton Springs School was yet again a fully functioning school with a small school district overseen by Travis County Common School District aka Travis County Public Schools. Brewton Springs School hardly ever had over 100 students. School was the only place and way students were able to take a bath and take care personal hygiene among other needs. A water well was established.


In 1948, Brewton Springs School began attempting to merge and consolidate into Eanes School District #48. Some Brewton Springs School students began attending the Eanes School. Eanes School District then operated both Eanes School and Brewton Springs School. At the time Eanes School was a 1-9 school which educated students in grades 1 through 9. (Ref: Eanes: A History of the School and Community, Linda Vance, 1976)

During that time only white families resided in the Eanes School District. Brewton Springs School was an all white school with a 100% white/caucasian student population as was Eanes School and Eanes Elementary School.

In 1949, both Brewton Springs School and its school district were consolidated into Eanes ISD under Gilmer-Aiken Law. Gilmer-Aiken Law consolidated many rural school districts, including Brewton Springs & Bee Cave, had reformed many Texas public schools. Eanes School students who wanted to continue their education past 9th grade either went to Brewton Springs School or to Allan Junior High School and Austin High School in Austin Public Schools (now Austin ISD).

However Brewton Springs School continued to operate under Eanes ISD until 1950. Brewton Springs School still operated as a 1-12 school.

(Ref: Eanes: Portrait of a Community, Linda Vance, 1986)
(Ref: EISD Monthly Newsletter, Eanes School 50 Years Ago, April 1984)


1950 was the year the Travis County Schools Superintendent and State of Texas (TEA) closed down Brewton Springs School and its school district during the 1950-1951 school year. The school district itself was consolidated and abolished during the same year. Brewton Springs School shut down due to lack of enrollment. (Ref: Eanes: A History of the School and Community, Linda Vance, 1976)

Brewton Springs School was shut down by the State of Texas (TEA) due to Gilmer-Aiken Law after Bill No. 116 of the 50th legislature was passed in 1950. After Brewton Springs School shut down, its students were transferred to Eanes School. Eanes School then had 80 students. A third room to the two-room rock building of Eanes School was constructed in the same year to relieve overcrowding. Classes were now held at the Eanes School. (Ref: Eanes: A History of the School and Community, Linda Vance, 1976)

Brewton Springs School students were merged with the Eanes School and some were sent to Bee Cave School. Brewton Springs School students were sent to both Cox Springs School, Dripping Springs School, and Lago Vista School as well.

In 1950, Eanes went from being a 1-9 school that educated students in grades 1 through 9 to a 1-6 where students in grades 1 through 6 were educated. The school district surrounding Eanes School (the now Eanes Elementary School) and Brewton Springs School was considered a common school district that sent its high school students to Austin ISD. (Ref: Eanes: Portrait of a Community, Linda Vance, 1986)

1950 was the year Homer Teague and his two sons, Robert Teague and Jackson Teague, lived in the building under rough conditions. Winters and summers inside the home proved to be brutal. They would live there until they moved in 1960.

When Brewton Springs School closed in 1950, TEA condemned the school building and the water well. The water well plugged and later destroyed.


In 1960, the building was abandoned on the Teague Land next to Commons Ford Ranch. Overtime the small building became covered with vegetation. It is unknown and unclear whether or not anyone else besides the Teague family lived in the original Brewton Springs School building after consolidation with Eanes ISD whereas the other school building became a private residence.

In 1985, Robert Teague gained ownership of the property from a handwritten gift deed produced in 1942 by the wife of Homer Teague.

In 1988, the old log cabin building of Brewton Springs School was moved to the Commons Ford Metropolitan Park in the Cuernavaca neighborhood by Robert Teague. Robert Teague donated Brewton Springs School to the City of Austin as an attempt of historic preservation. No known further work or renovations were done or made to the old Brewton Springs School building after 1988.

By 1990, the former school building fell victim to rural decay. Its windows were boarded up with plywood. No other known uses were made or have been documented and recorded.

Today the 5th Brewton Springs School building sits at the entrance of Commons Ford Metropolitan Park. Its windows are boarded up with plywood. A chimney was added to the building as an extra. It is highly possible that Homer Teague built the chimney.


Although the original school building of Brewton Springs School may no longer be extant or the memories of the Brewton Springs School may have been forgotten, Brewton Springs lives on as a historic name under the street name of Bruton Springs Road located in the Cuernavaca neighborhood.

Brewton Springs School was located near FM 2244 & Cuernavaca Drive, Austin, Texas, US 78733. Brewton Springs School is now located at 614 North Commons Ford Road, Austin, Texas US 78733.

History of Masterson Elementary School in Laredo, Texas revealed.

Not much history is known or can found out about the Masterson School (Masterson Elementary School) in Laredo, Texas. It appears as if Masterson School is one of the few forgotten schools of Laredo, Texas in tact. This news article will attempt to explain the history behind Masterson Elementary School.


Dr. Lawrence Wright and Norman Clark were among prominent landowners of Webb County who donated land for some of the earliest school campuses. Masterson School was established on some of that land own by them.

Masterson School was first called Johnson School aka Johnson Elementary School and was operated by Johnson Common School District. Johnson Common School District was a former common school district in south Laredo responsible for operations and funding of this school. Johnson School was located on US 83 of what was considered the outskirts of South Laredo.

In the very beginning, Johnson School only educated students in grades 1st through 6th. Grades 7th and 8th were added during the mid-20th century. However Johnson School primarily educated students in grades 1st through 7th.


However it was not long until Johnson School would be consolidated. Representatives of Johnson Common School District held meetings in regards to being consolidated into Laredo ISD at during the very beginning of the 1960s.

The beginning of United Independent School District (United ISD) grew out of a meeting May 3, 1961 at the Johnson School. (Ref: Laredo Morning Times, Things are going well for UISD, Saturday, September 25, 2010)

Attorney George Byfield served on the Laredo ISD school board. George Byfield warned representatives of the then-three common school districts (Cactus, Johnson, and Nye) of the state’s recommendation that the Laredo Independent School annex unless the common districts organized into an independent school district.
(Ref: Laredo Times, April 1 School Election Ballots To Be Impounded, March 23, 1961)

After citizens voted for Johnson Common School District to be consolidated and after the state’s recommendation, Johnson School became a part of Laredo ISD. Johnson Common School District was consolidated into Laredo ISD on April 2, 1961. (Ref: Laredo Times, Page 1, Monday, April 03, 1961)

A small portion of Johnson Common School District was consolidated into United ISD. The end result was one half of Johnson Common School District being consolidated into Laredo ISD and the other half being consolidated into United ISD.


At some point during the 20th century, Johnson School aka Johnson Elementary School was renamed to Masterson School aka Masterson Elementary School. Although this school is now known as the Masterson School, many longtime residents of Laredo refer to the school as Johnson School.

Sometime during the latter end of the 20th century is when Masterson School was abandoned by United ISD. Exactly when is unknown. Today the school is now abandoned. Some of its windows are missing.

Masterson Elementary School is located at Cielito Lindo Boulevard & US 83, Laredo, Texas, US 78046.

The forgotten history of Elroy High School reviewed.

Elroy High School served as a school for the Elroy School District and Colorado Common School District of Del Valle, Texas from 1901 to 1961.

Elroy High School was built and established in 1901 on FM 812 just 2 miles west of Elroy, Texas on 2 acres of land. The school was a 2 story brick house. An outbuilding was established on the west corner of the main building.

 The school was a high school for white students who completed 10th grade at the original Elroy School on Elroy Road as Elroy School only educated students in grades 1 through 10. Elroy High School taught grades 11 and 12. African American students attended Elroy Negro School or had attended school in Austin.

In the 1950s, 10th grade classes were added to the high school. Mexican student were becoming allowed to attend this high school. Some of the Mexican students came from Elroy School (Elroy White School) and Elroy Mexican School. Another outbuilding was established on the west corner of the main building.

Elroy High School was closed in 1961 and was sold to Travis County. The outbuilding was demolished in 1964. Some of the land had been machine-cleared out by then. It is exactly unknown what activities may have occurred on the property during the 1960s.

In 1982, Sara Hilgers bought the 2 acres of land. A nonprofit company called Elroy Community Library Association was established in that time period. Bricks from the old high school building were used to build Elroy Library for East Travis Gateway Library District. In 1983, the dedicated building became open to the public. (Ref: (Ref: Deed Records of Travis County, 13512 FM 812, 1/12/1983)

Today, the former Elroy High School building now serves as East Travis Gateway Library District - Elroy Library.

Elroy High School was located at 13512 FM 812, Del Valle, Texas, US 78617.

*It is exactly unknown what activities may have occurred on the property between 1961 and 1982. Not much can be found through internet research.

History of Moore’s Crossing School long forgotten rehashed.

Moore’s Crossing School is one the many forgotten schools of Austin, Del Valle, and Travis County. It is one of those schools that has faded away with time and away from peoples memories. Moore’s Crossing School now only exists in county deeds and state records in an office operated the bureaucracy of Texas Government.

It is stated from Travis County Deed Records, Vol. 48: 573-574 that the Moore's sold a half-acre as a parcel of land on Onion Creek at the low water crossing to Travis County for $1 to erect a school building. That school building would become Moore’s Crossing School which was a simple wood frame building was erected by Travis County Schools after the land transfer in 1881. Members of the Moore family had donated land for a school to encourage commercial business at the crossing. (Ref: Travis County Deed Records, Volume 48, Pages 573-575)

There were no schools within walking distance of the Moore property at that time as stated from the Travis County Public Schools : The Defender Yearbook of 1936. From the years 1881 to 1909 Moore’s Crossing School was operated by Travis County Common School District. (Ref: The Defender, 1936)

Moore’s Crossing School was also used as a church during its time of operation. Of course this was after school hours. Moore’s Crossing School was used as a church from 1900 until 1904. 16 people were baptized at the church in 1900. The church broke no traditions of doing so. G.W. Stewart was pastor of Onion Creek Baptist Church in the year 1900 was a a pastor here as well. Brother R.C. McCullough was a visiting preacher. Pastor G.W. Stewart and Brother R.C. McCullough baptized many people. Moore's Crossing also supported a Methodist congregation that used the school as its meeting place.


Moore’s Crossing School served the Moore's Crossing community for nearly 30 years from 1881 to 1909. However, After 20 years of use, the at Moore's Crossing School did not meet county standards. In 1905, the Travis County Superintendent condemned the school at Moore's Crossing in the Travis County School Annual repertoire. The Moore School was looked upon with distaste as a relic of the area's past. Meetings were held at the school about future plans for use of this school.

“The Moore School is on the very edge of the district, on the very edge, indeed, of the bank of Onion Creek, which marks the boundary line. Meetings were held last year to agitate the building of a new schoolhouse near the center of the district and a special tax carried for that purpose, which, however, was defeated by a few opponents, on account of defective election retums. So, school will continue to be kept in a hulk of a house by the side of the creek The children will continue to shiver in the cold when the board shutters are opened to let in the light or to ruin their eyes in the semi-darkness when the shutters are closed to keep out the cold.”

The property returned to the Moore’s as per the original deed stipulation as stated in the Travis County Deed Records, Volume 238: 405-406 from 1905. School taxes in 1905 ranged from 10 cents to 20 cents depending on the support of the community. (Ref: Travis County Deed Records, Volume 238: Pages 405-406)

The Travis County School Annual of 1905 claims the Moore’s Crossing School was “perhaps the worst physical plant for white students in the county”. (Ref: Travis County School Annual of 1905, p. 63)


By 1909, the Moore’s Crossing School was all but abandoned. Later the Moore’s Crossing School was torn down in 1909 by Moore’s Crossing community residents. Only an outbuilding or 2 survived from the vicious demolition by local residents.

In 1910, Robert J. Moore replaced the school with a cotton gin on land he donated to W.T. Caswell. No traces of the school remained as after demolition everything was gone. Travis County Schools officials declared the school in inadequate by 1910. After Moore's Crossing School white students went to attend school at Pilot Knob (Pilot Knob Elementary School), Dry Creek School, or Elroy School off FM 812.


Today only a dilapidated outbuilding that was an outhouse for the Moore’s Crossing School survives, but exists in ruin on the Michalk property less than 1 block away from Michalk Grocery. Today the Michalk family owns the building.

Moore’s Crossing School was located at 12237 Moore’s Crossing Road, Del Valle, Texas, US 78617.

History of Colorado Negro School No. 1 explored in detail.

Only so much is known and can be found out through extensive research about Colorado Negro School No. 1. This news article will attempt to explain the lost history of Colorado Negro School No. 1 in such detail. Colorado Negro School No. 1 operated from 1867 to 1950.


Colorado Negro School No. 1 (Colorado School No. 2) in 1867 after the American Civil War around the time the Colorado Common School District (now Del Valle ISD) was established. It was built as a wooden square box building located where Capitol Feed & Milling Company is located today near the junction of Thompson Lane & US 183. Colorado Negro School No. 1 educated black students in grades 1 through 7.

This school was built to serve only African American students living Austin and Del Valle. Most of the students came from both Del Valle, Montopolis, and Austin. (Ref: Austin American Statesman, p. 3, March 19, 1917)

Colorado Negro School No. 1 was also known as Colorado School No. 1 as identified on a 1932 Travis County Topographic and Road Map. (Ref: 1932 Travis County Topographic and Road Map)

During the 1934-1935 school year, Colorado School No. 1 had 36 students with one teacher educating the entire class. Average daily attendance was 21 students. School terms were six months. The cost per year was $495 with $23.57 a student each year.

In 1939, the school had faced a delayed opening as Mexican School and Negro School openings were delayed due to political issues. Not enough funding was allocated towards these schools. (Ref: The Austin American, County Schools Get Year's Work Started: Mexican and Negro School Openings Are Delayed, October 1, 1939)

In 1950, the school closed due to integration. This led the students to be transferred elsewhere. The school building was demolished in 1951 after Callahan’s Store was built on site.

Colorado Negro School No. 1 was located on Thompson Lane, Austin, Texas, US 78742.

Friday, November 2, 2018

History of Colorado White School No. 2 explored.

The Colorado White School No. 2 was a for white students only and was operated by Colorado Common School District  from 1922 to 1961. This school was known as Colorado White School as well.


Colorado White School No. 2 was established on land owned by S. O. Stamey and Stanley Thomas in Del Valle, Texas in 1922. The school was located on Highway 71 (TX 71) north of modern day Austin Bergstrom International Airport .

In 1922, a single story masonry brick building at a height of 12 feet was constructed in to replace the log cabin school to accommodate growth in enrollment as the log cabin school became overcrowded due to lack of space in classrooms. A sign with the words "Colorado School" had been placed on top of the school painted in a blackish brown color. Roof replacement was installed in the same year.


Average daily attendance was 26 to 30 students for Colorado White School No. 2. Some days 30 students attended school at best. Attendance was never very high due to the agricultural lifestyle. Students had to tend to family farms during harvesting season. Students had to pick cotton and work in the fields.

Students had to use outhouses located not too far away from the school as Colorado White School No. 2 did not receive indoor plumbing until near mid-20th century. 2 separate outhouses were located outside the school. The wait to use these facilities was long and time consuming. Some students and teachers simply used the forest that surrounded the area.

A Travis County Map shows a “Colorado White School” located north of Highway 71 (TX 71) on flat vacant land. It could have been possible that 2 white schools were located on this plot of land owned by Stanley Thomas and S. O. Stamey before Del Valle ISD came into existence. (Ref: 1932 Travis County Map)

Average daily attendance was 26 to 30 students on daily basis during the 1930s. But the attendance rate still remained low as it historically was and has been. A number of additional rooms were later added to be expanded.

By the 1940s, the Colorado White School No. 2 received indoor plumbing with 2 separate toilets inside the brick building. Water pipes were upgraded and fixed. (Ref: Austin American Statesman, Crowded Rural Schools Lack Pioneer Facilities, January 26, 1947)


1950 is when the Del Valle schools became slowly integrated. Some schools were no longer separated by race or ethnicity. Integration was slow to come to liberal Austin and Del Valle, but it came easy as the racial integration process went smooth with no trouble.

In 1952, Colorado White School No. 2 reopened after much remodeling and improvements along with both Popham School (Popham Elementary School) & Del Valle Junior High School. (From 1955 to 1961, both Popham School and Del Valle Junior High School shared the same building. Del Valle Junior High School was located on the east portion of the building.)

A new ten-room school, named I. W. Popham School in honor of the Travis County School Superintendent, was opened in 1950 and rebuilt in 1952. Designed by architect Arnold E. Wittman, the school was built for 300 students at a cost of $84,000.  

The school is modern with spacious grounds, but water for the drinking fountains must be hauled from Austin. It is placed in an underground cistern for use through the fountains. (Ref: Lubbock Evening Journal, Page 23, July 10, 1957)

In 1956, Colorado White School No. 2 was demolished. All outbuildings have been demolished. The site had been buried with the reconstruction of Popham School (Popham Elementary School) and Del Valle Junior High School.

Today no trace remains of the Colorado White School No. 2. The site is now home to Travis County Fire Rescue and Austin Fire Department.


Colorado White School No. 2 was located at the address of 2434 Cardinal Loop, Del Valle, Texas, US 78617.

History of Colorado White School No. 1 explored.

The Colorado White School No. 1 was located north of Highway 71 in Austin, Texas. This school was known as Colorado School No. 3 aka Colorado White School No. 1. Colorado White School No. 1 was located southwest of Colorado White School No. 2. Colorado Common School District operated this school from 1837 to 1948.

Colorado White School No. 1 aka Colorado School is one of the many forgotten schools of Austin, Del Valle, and Travis County. This news article will explain the history of the infamous long forgotten Colorado School.


A short history of this school and Colorado School date back to the 1830s. Possibly around 1837. When the school first opened in 1837, it solely relied on county funding. The school was located in a log cabin near the Colorado River near a grove of trees and a cold spring. Colorado White School educated students in grades 1 through 8.

It was until the late 1850s when Colorado School would be operated by a school district. Colorado School would be operated by Colorado Common School District (now Del Valle ISD). Colorado Common School District wasn’t established until 1857. Most of the schools in the Colorado Common School District were established after the Civil War.

The school moved one-quarter mile after the re-alignment of the Austin-Bastrop Road (US 183) following after the Civil War and appears at the bend of the Bastrop Highway just south of the Colorado River. Although the Colorado School had an Austin address, it served students from the communities of Del Valle, Austin, Montopolis, Bergstrom Village, Glenbrook, and Colton.
(Ref: 1898-1902 Travis County Clerk Records: Road Book Precinct 4)

Average daily attendance was 26 to 30 students for Colorado White School No. 1. Some days 30 students attended school at best. Attendance was never very high due to the agricultural lifestyle. Students had to tend to family farms during harvesting season. Students had to pick cotton and work in the fields.

Students had to use outhouses located not too far away from the school as Colorado White School No. 2 did not receive indoor plumbing until near mid-20th century. 2 separate outhouses were located outside the school. The wait to use these facilities was long and time consuming. Some students and teachers simply used the forest that surrounded the area.


In 1921, a single story masonry brick building at a height of 12 feet was constructed in to replace the log cabin school to accommodate growth in enrollment as the log cabin school became overcrowded due to lack of space in classrooms. A sign with the words "Colorado School" had been placed on top of the school painted in a blackish brown color. Roof replacement was installed in the same year.

The Colorado Mexican School was constructed in 1934 and was precisely adjacent to Colorado White School No. 1. Colorado Mexican School educated students in grades 1 through 7. Colorado Negro School (Colorado Negro School No. 4) was established during the same year at the very same site.

An additional room was added to the Colorado White School No. 1 and Colorado Mexican School in 1935. A total of 7 students registered in seven grades were enrolled at Colorado Mexican School in 1936. (Ref: The Defender, 1936)

The 1936 Defender yearbook for Travis County Rural Schools describes the Colorado White School’s evolution through three separate buildings.

Average daily attendance was 26 to 30 students on daily basis during the 1930s. But the attendance rate still remained low as it historically was and has been. A number of additional rooms were later added to be expanded.

Prior to the opening of Colorado Mexican School, Hispanic students attended the Colorado White School before a separate school for Hispanics became available. Hispanic students were not required to attend school. Hispanic students had either attended the negro schools or white schools.

Of course racial segregation was implemented by law in Texas and southern United States, so schools were separated by race. Separate schools were built for white, black, and Hispanic students. Black students attended separate schools from white students. White students attended separate schools from black students. That is the reason why the "Colorado White School", "Colorado Mexican School", and "Colorado Negro School" existed.


By the 1940s, the Colorado White School No. 1 and Colorado Mexican School received indoor plumbing with 2 separate toilets inside the brick building. Water pipes were upgraded and fixed. Colorado White School and Colorado Mexican School experienced extreme overcrowding.

The Colorado Mexican School and Colorado White School eventually became combined into one school by 1942. Roof replacement was installed in the same year. The Colorado Mexican School had a daily attendance rate of 100 students in 1944. 100 students was the average on a daily basis. A huge increase from the 1930s attendance rate. The rate remained the same even in 1945.

By 1947, both schools were deemed inadequate by Travis County Schools Superintendent Irvin W. Popham. Both schools needed many maintenance repairs. Plumbing was deteriorating from years of neglect and upkeep. Their roofs needed replacing. (Ref: Austin American Statesman, Crowded Rural Schools Lack Pioneer Facilities, January 26, 1947)

By the late 1940s, Colorado White School and Colorado Mexican School experienced extreme overcrowding. Colorado Negro School faced the same issues as their white counterparts.


In 1948, Colorado White School No. 1 and the Colorado Common School District were defendants in the Delgado v. Bastrop ISD Federal court case against the State of Texas. The Colorado Common School District was 1 of 4 school districts listed as a defendant in the 1948 court case of Delgado v. Bastrop  ISD. LULAC brought suit against the school districts for denying Mexican-American students the use of equal school facilities, services, and instruction.

Colorado School was listed as a prime example of racial segregation in the lawsuit against the state of Texas. LULAC brought suit against several school districts for denying Hispanic students the use of school facilities and educational services. The suit claimed Hispanic students were separated and segregated from white students even though under state law they were considered "White" or "Caucasian".

By the late end of 1948, Colorado White School No. 1 and Colorado Mexican School were closed due to overcrowding conditions. Travis County Schools Superintendent Irving W. Popham described conditions at Colorado Mexican School as “the worst Travis County has ever known.” Travis County Schools, Austin Independent School District (then Austin Public Schools which is now known as Austin ISD) and Colorado Common School District deemed the Colorado School unfit and inadequate for a learning environment due to overcrowding from a lack of space and growth in enrollment. Overcrowding was extreme. Travis County government officials determined the Colorado School deemed to be unfit and antiquated.

Although US Court found both the Colorado Mexican School and Colorado Common School District to be operating within the terms of the decree, overcrowding of the school witnessed would contradict the provision for “equal school instruction.”

After being found non-compliant with the ruling, Colorado White School No. 1 was closed in 1948. The Delgado v. Bastrop ISD Federal court ruling called for desegregation of school facilities. After the school closed, students were shipped to other schools as part the consolidation into Del Valle ISD on part of Texas Education Agency (TEA) and Colorado Common School District.

The Nuestra Senora La Luz Catholic Mission Church in Montopolis offered the use of its chapel for 53 first-grade students. The remaining 40 students stayed at the Colorado Mexican School until the school district finally closed down the school. Its students were shipped to other schools.

From 1948 to 1950, Colorado White School No. 1 was used as a community center and church. As part of the land agreement with Travis County and City of Austin, the school was to be zoned as a church and community if in the event the school were to close down due to overcrowding, structural error, or declining enrollment. Colorado School held religious services during operation as a church.
(Ref: Austin American Statesman, Latin-American school segregation outlawed, June 15, 1948)
(Ref: Handbook of Texas Online, V. Carl Allsup, "Delgado v. Bastrop Isd”)


In 1950, the old Colorado White School No. 1 was all but abandoned by the school district. Grass was kept untrimmed. Windows and window panels were boarded with thin plywood. Vegetation had sprawled all over.

The Colorado Common School District along with Travis County Schools & TEA was consolidating school districts & schools in Southeastern Travis County in the 1950s in an effort to collect more on property taxes, declining enrollment, and lack of funding. Schools and school districts that were consolidated into Colorado Common School District (Del Valle ISD) were Elroy, Creedmoor, Pilot Knob, Dry Creek, Hornsby-Dunlap, Maha, and Garfield.

1950 is also when the Del Valle schools became slowly integrated. Some schools were no longer separated by race or ethnicity. Integration was slow to come to liberal Austin and Del Valle, but it came easy as the racial integration process went smooth with no trouble.


The first 3 grades of the school were moved to another site on Vargas Road in 1954. (The site is where Allison Elementary School is located today.) This was because the school was located dangerously close to Bergstrom Air Force Base. (Ref: Bill Brammer, Austin American-Statesman, 1954)

As cited from an Austin American-Statesman news article written by Bill Brammer from 1954, the “first three grades of the school were moved to another site about two miles away on Vargas Road.”

In 1958, grass vegetation took over the driveways as Colorado Mexican School was totally abandoned. The buildings were still standing by then. 1958 is also the year when the Del Valle schools became integrated. Schools were no longer separated by race or ethnicity. Integration was slow to come to liberal Austin and Del Valle, but it came easy as the racial integration process went smooth with no trouble.

In 1958, Austin Public Schools (Austin Independent School District bka Austin ISD) sold the land to United States Government as the school was located dangerously close in a flight path being near Bergstrom Air Force Base. Davidson tract was located outside the former Bergstrom Air Force Base.

Colorado White School No. 1 and Colorado Mexican School was demolished in 1964 after being vacant for 15 years. All that remained was a pile of rubble and debris from demolition. All that remained in 1965 was a gravel pit located on site of the former schools.

Today no trace of Colorado White School No. 1 remain. No traces of the outhouses or cistern remain today. Its land plot has since been overgrown with vegetation such as grass. All outbuilding have been demolished.


Schools such as this one should be preserved as a museum, converted to a dance studio, bank, or revitalized into government offices. This can be listed as an example of priorities placed in the wrong place. Historic preservation should be a secondary priority for a school district.

Something needs to be done to commemorate the Colorado Mexican School as a part the 1948 Federal Court ruling on Delgado v. Bastrop ISD. People don't recognize how LULAC fought for equal school instruction, services, and facilities. Efforts of LULAC also need to be brought to attention.


Colorado White School No. 1 (Colorado School) was located at 1601 Old Del Valle Road, Austin, Texas, US 78742. Colorado White School No. 1 was near Austin Bergstrom International Airport near US 183 & Highway 71.

*Colorado Common School District was known to Travis County Schools officials and civilians as Colorado Common School District No. 36 or as School District No. 36.
*The Colorado School was simply just called "Colorado School" at one point in history.
* Colorado White School No. 1 was also known as Colorado White School.
*Colorado School had an Austin address despite being zoned to Del Valle ISD.
*Colorado School was adjacent to 2 other schools before the schools became molded into one school called "Colorado School" due mainly to racial integration following 1948. Thus Colorado Mexican School and Colorado Negro School were eventually combined into the Colorado White School.
*Old Del Valle Road was also known as Old Austin-Del Valle Road, Austin-Del Valle Road, and Del Valle Road.

Michael Mixerr examines the history of St. John's School. A former Austin ISD elementary school.

This news article written by Michael Mixerr will be examining the history of a former Austin ISD elementary school of what was once called St. John's Elementary School (St. Johns School). St. John's School operated from 1906 to 1995.

St. John's Elementary School aka St. Johns School was a "negro school" with a large African American student population in the historic St. John's neighborhood of Austin, Texas. St. John's Elementary School (St. John's School) was named after the historic long gone St. Johns Industrial Institute and Orphanage.



St. Johns School was a "negro school" established in 1906 on the site of St. Johns Industrial Institute and Orphanage. The school catered to the large African American student population in the neighborhood during its time of operation. School was held in a wooden building that opened in 1906 but burned down shortly after completion. It was replaced in 1911 by a 3-story limestone structure that served as a dormitory and school.

St. John's School became known as St. John's Negro School in 1932 to 1948. Grades 1 through 8 were taught at St. John's School. Grade 9 was added later. High school students attended L.C. Anderson High School after 9th grade.

After the orphanage permanently closed in 1942, St. Johns School moved into a new building. The 3-story building was much too large to maintain. (The 1911 school building eventually succumbed to a fire in 1956.)

In 1942, St. John's School was built for a capacity of 110 students located at 700 Delmar Avenue which was the first site for St. John's School. St. Johns School operated in an L-plan shaped building that was one story tall. The entire building was constructed out of brick. Foundation was laid out on a beam and tier styled building plan. The foundation was made out of cement and brick. From 1942 until 1958, St. John's School would be located at 700 Delmar Avenue prior to relocating at the 906 East St. Johns Avenue location in 1958.

St. John's School taught grades 1 through 9 in 1942 all the way near to the very end of the 1940s decade. Each grade from 1st grade to 9th grade had 10 students. 2 to 4 teachers taught 110 students. Student population stayed at 100 most of the time.

The name for St. John's School changed from St. John's Negro School in 1948. 1948 is when St. John's School went from being a one-room school to a two-room school. Grades 7 and 9 were held in a separate room.


In 1952, the parking lot was repaved with gravel and limestone. St. Johns School was reorganized and downsized, thus became a 1-7 school teaching grades 1 through 7. Grades 8 and 9 would no longer be taught at St. John's School. Students in those grades went to attend L.C. Anderson High School.

3 additional buildings were added on as add-ons to the St. Johns School in 1954. By 1956, the school was over capacity and the site needed to be expanded. This led Austin ISD to allocate funding for plans to relocate St. John's School to another location from the 700 Delmar Avenue location. The student population was over 200.

In 1958, Austin Public Schools (now Austin ISD) opened St. John's School in 1958 at the location of 906 East St. John's Avenue. The new St. John's School was built for a capacity of 224 students in a one story brick building to replace the existing old all black school in the area.

The old St. John's School building was demolished at the 700 Delmar Avenue location was demolished that year. Prior to 1958, the 906 East St. John's Avenue location site was a plot of flat vacant land.

At that point, St. John's School would be the only all-black school outside of East Austin next to Sprinkle School, Manor Colored High School, Manor Negro School, Clayton Vocational Institute (Clayton High School), and Littig High School.


In 1969, US Fifth Circuit Court found Austin ISD in noncompliance of not racially integrating their schools. 94% of the student population was African American. St. John's Elementary School and L.C. Anderson High School had a minority population higher than any other school in Austin ISD. Its minority population was higher than any Austin ISD school at that time. The neighborhood was rough and the St. Johns School had low performing test scores. This led St. John's School to be closed down a year later. The 1969-1970 school year had 163 students that were all black.

On the date of August 27, 1970, the following Austin ISD schools were shut down by a Federal District Court judge for the US Fifth Circuit Court.: L.C. Anderson High School, Kealing Junior High School, Rice Elementary School, Rosewood Elementary School, and St. John's Elementary School were ordered shut down by a Federal District Court judge.

Finally the court ordered the closing of all-black St. Johns Elementary School and transfer of the St. Johns students to surrounding schools. Those students were dispersed to the other schools on an arbitrary geographical boundary-line basis as a result of that noncompliance.

When St. John's Elementary School was closed, students were sent to Brown Elementary School, Pearce Junior High School (now Pearce Middle School), Winn Elementary School (Winn School), and Andrews Elementary School. For a certain number of odd years, St. John's Elementary School became abandoned. The school sat abandoned for more than 5 years. By 1972 St. John's School was abandoned.


St. Johns Elementary School reopened in 1980. St. John's Elementary School was downsized from a K-5 school to a K-3 school in 1980. From 1980 to 1988 is when St. John's Elementary School operated as a K-3 school where kindergarten through 3rd grade was taught.

In 1988, St. John's Elementary became an alternative school for pregnant teenagers. St. John's School was an alternative school from 1988 to 1995. The name for the school was changed back to St. John's School. Interestingly the school never had a library throughout its history. Mostly young women from ages 16 to 18 attended this alternative school. Age range for this alternative school was from 16 to 19.

On the date of November 8, 1990, a book drive was held by the school to create something the school has never had - a library. For the first time the school would have a library. [Ref.: School for pregnant teens launches library fund, Austin American Statesman, November 8, 1990]

Home Depot bought out land where St. Johns Elementary School was occupying from Austin ISD to build a Home Depot building in 1994. The decision for Home Depot to build a store here was made since the location was close to I 35 as the location was perfect in commerce for their business and clients. The land was purchased for a price of $480,170.

On an agreement in terms of their lease agreement, Home Depot allowed Austin ISD to let St. Johns Elementary School continue to operate until the 1994-1995 school year was complete. This allowed the Austin ISD school district time to gather all their belongings and possessions. Community meetings for parents and PTA about the future of St. John's School were held during the 1994-1995 school year.

In 1995, St. John's Elementary School was demolished to make way for construction of a new Home Depot. Summer of 1995 is when this Home Depot location was open for business. Traces of the St. John's School were no longer visible or extant.


The land that once housed a Home Depot and a car dealership was purchased for $6.9 million dollars with a 2006 public safety bond to eventually become a new police substation and municipal court. City of Austin was going to use this Home Depot location as space for government offices, Austin PD headquarters, and a new animal shelter. Austin PD (APD) headquarters were supposed to relocate there but preferred to stay located downtown. Due to an October 2008 dispute on where to build a new animal shelter, the city never moved forward with those plans. Nothing ever happened.

This Home Depot was closed in 2008. The reason why this Home Depot closed was also due to building code issues and also due to a lack of business. Parts of the building were not handicap accessible which is odd because this Home Depot was built in 1995. This Home Depot location has been abandoned since 2008 ever since getting bought out by the City of Austin.

Over the years, this former Home Depot building has been plastered over with graffiti mostly by the front entrance. Some areas of the building are covered with mold.


Currently as of 2018, the City of Austin and Austin Resource Recovery are using the building for storage. Compost bins occupy the inside of this former Home Depot building.

Future plans are being plotted by City of Austin for this building location to relocate municipal government offices into this building. However the building needs a new roof and not considered inhabitable by code enforcement officials. So the building might need to be demolished. So far nothing has been implemented yet. For now the site sits abandoned collecting dust and vandalism which is truly an eyesore to the St. Johns neighborhood.


St. John's Elementary School was located at 906 East St. Johns Avenue, Austin, Texas, US 78752 & 910 East St. Johns Avenue, Austin, Texas, US 78752 from 1958 to 1995.. The address for this Home Depot location was 7211 North Interstate 35 Frontage Road, Austin, Texas, US 78752.

*St. Johns Elementary School also went under the names of St. John's School, St. Johns Negro School, St. Johns Negro School, St. Johns School, and St. John's Elementary School.
*St. Johns Elementary School had the highest minority population of all AISD schools at one point.
*This location was going to be a rehabilitation clinic at one point. However that plan never occurred or happened. Instead the building was transformed into a storage unit for the City of Austin.

History of Mershon School in Saginaw, Michigan explored!

Not much is known about Mershon School in Saginaw, Michigan. As a matter of fact, not much history regarding this school has been preserved online or in books anywhere else. This news article will explore the history behind this school.


Carrollton Township Board voted to erect a public school in 1904 during the 1903-1904 fiscal year. Mershon School was built and established to serve as an elementary school for Carrollton Township in 1904. Mershon School was also called Mershon Elementary School. School was held in a single building constructed out of brick.

Grades 1 through 6 were taught at this school during the first 10 years of operation. Mershon School was a 1-6 school in the beginning. 7th grade classes were added to the school later in 1911. By 1918 the school expanded to offer 8th grade classes. Mershon School was a 1-8 school by the end of the 1910s decade.

Sometime in the 1920s is when more classroom space was added. 8th grade classes would continue. At some point 9th grade classes were added but soon dropped due to a lack of space along with construction of newer schools in place in and around Saginaw.


In the summer of 1970, Mr. Wahr and Mr. Charlie Brown created the Teen Center at Mershon School. It was a positive impact on its students and test scores at that time. The Teen Center was a place to go have some fun. Weekly rap sessions were performed here. (Ref: https://www.deislerfuneralhome.com/obituaries/John-Wahr/)

Mershon Elementary School finally closed its doors and shut down in 1972. Mershon School became abandoned during the same year. The school was abandoned due to the internal structure being asbestos-laden making it a safety concern. Asbestos was found in the walls during an inspection by Carrollton Township Board leading to the school being shut down.

Michigan Comptroller of Public Accounts found out that no taxes were paid on the property by either Carrollton Township Board, a private owner(s), business, or the school district itself. The property was immediately transferred over to Michigan State Department of Natural Resources. Michigan State Department of Natural Resources had owned the school since 1993 because no one paid property taxes.
(Ref: http://www.dianaschnuth.com/saginaires/)

For many years, the township board had been pushing for the school building to be demolished. However local funding was tight and the state refused to give financial aid to the township. This led the building to sit vacant for several years with no further use. No other know recorded usage of the building post-1973 has been documented.

Carrollton Township Supervisor Marvin C. Kozara said the revenue vacuum created by the facility's closure forced township board members to reduce the budget across the board, but no fatal blow was dealt to any one item. Budget cuts had a significant impact on the township's plans, thus pushing back some of the efforts. (Ref: http://www.sweetbeet.com/growernet/news_events/Articles/2006/041406_b.htm)


Carrollton Township Board purchased the land back from the State of Michigan in the year of 2005. A manual check payment was made to the State of Michigan for $1.00. All rights were reverted back to the township.

On the date of May 8, 2005, Trustee Bill Dalton pushed to have a stone panel above the front door of Mershon School to be included in addendum to salvage with a time capsule. Asbestos removal was sub-contracted to MIS Environmental Services, Inc. (Ref: Carrollton Township Meeting Minutes 2006, May 8, 2006)

The following bids were submitted for the demolition of the Mershon School building:

1.  Bierlein Companies, Inc.        $34,200.00
2.  Billy’s Contracting, Inc.          $34,670.00
3.  Dore & Associates, Inc.         $37,200.00
4.  Rohde Brothers, Inc.             $56,200.00
5.  Kappen Excavating                $91,000.00           


Demolition of Mershon School was completed on the date of July 1, 2005. Carrollton Township Board of Trustees members unanimously voted to authorize Saginaw-based Spicer Engineering to determine the cost to demolish Mershon School. The state agency refused to pick up the tab on demolishing the building leaving  Carrollton Township Board to find ways to finance the school's destruction.
(Ref: Saginaw News, Abandoned School May Come Down, July 1, 2005)

Supervisor Marvin C. Kozara said Mershon School posed a "serious" safety concern for residents during much of the late 20th century and early 21st century.

The demolition expenses of the Mershon School building being much less than expected at total cost of $110,619 dollars. Demolition costs were not to exceed over $200,000 dollars.


Today nothing remains of Mershon School. The building itself is no longer extant. Aerial traces from satellite view of this school are no longer available. What remains now is a vacant lot. Since then nothing has been built on the property.

Mershon School was located at 410 Stoker Street, Saginaw, Michigan, US 48604. Its other address was 410 Stoker Street, Carrollton Township, Michigan, US 48604. 410 Stoker Street is now 410 Stoker Drive, Saginaw, Michigan, US 48604 Saginaw, Michigan, US 48604.

Wednesday, October 31, 2018

History of Tablito School rediscovered, revealed, and revisited.

Tablito School was named after a place called La Tablita. Governor Manuel Salcedo and Governor Herrera along with his 12 other officers were escorted from San Antonio de Béxar under an armed guard. They were executed near the site of the battlefield at a place called “La Tablita” in 1813.

The killing of Governor Manuel Salcedo and his officers in 1813 was by some of the revolutionaries. A declaration of independence was adopted on April 6, 1813, establishing the First Independent State of Texas of the Mexican Republic, with José Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara as president. (Ref: Castaneda, 1950, p. 99)


Tablito School was built in the area of La Tablita on January 1st, 1917 for Common School District No. 23 aka Elemndorf School District. Bexar County Common School District was responsible for financing and maintaining this school. J. C. Schulz was appointed by a county judge and commissioners to hold an election for increased special school tax and issuance of school bonds.

Tablito School was once located at the intersection of Streich Road & Old Corpus Christi Road just 3½ miles west of Elmendorf. Tablito School was also known as Tablito Elementary School. (Ref: East Central Independent School District Museum map of 1949)

Talbito School had a high percentage of Hispanic students many of whom were Mexican. Over 70% of its student population was Hispanic. It was a “Mexican school” for Hispanic students enrolled in the Elemndorf School District which is why it was called the “Mexican school”. Children spoke Spanish freely while attending Tablito School.

After 1920, many Texas school districts also opened mandatory segregated schools for Hispanic children.  The “Mexican School” segregation spread rapidly. Houston, Austin, San Antonio, Laredo, and El Paso had “Mexican Schools” by the turn of the 20th century. 


By the 1940s, many sections of the state had segregated “Mexican schools”. Many of these developed specifically by the growers to isolate Mexican Americans. Elemndorf was no exception.

Texas operated Mexican Schools in 59 counties throughout the state by 1942. Tablito School was one of the “Mexican Schools”. A 1942 study by Wilson Little found 50% percent of the Mexican American students segregated through the 6th grade in 122 districts in “widely distributed and representative counties” of the state. Few Mexican-American students went beyond the 6th grade. Many of these “Mexican Schools” offered classes only to the 6th grade.

(Ref: Garcia 1981, 110; Rangel 1972, pp. 315, 367)
(Ref: “Mexican American Education Study,” Report 1: Ethnic Isolation of Mexican Americans in the Public Schools of the Southwest, 1971)

In 1949, the East Central Independent School District was formed and 15 rural schools were united into that one school district. Tablito School was consolidated into East Central Independent School District in 1949. Tablito School was closed in 1951. The Tablito School building was moved about a mile east on Goliad Road.


Today Tablito School is now the David Crocket Grange located at 14309 Old Corpus Christi Road, Elemendorf, Texas, US 78112. David Crocket Grange is a grange hall.

Crossley School of Corpus Christi, Texas continues to fall into ruin.

As of 2018, Crossley School (Crossley Elementary School) has fallen under a state of ruins and is declining away in urban decay. The roof has collapsed into the building. The old building is now oped to exposed air elements. Much damage has been done to the second floor of this school building.

This, however, is not surprising. This building has been vacant for over 10 years. The school was set on fire due to arson on the date of April 24, 2013. Someone set fire to the second floor.


As for the history behind this school…

Cossley School opened in 1926 and operated for more than 60 long years. Crossley School was an elementary school called Crossley Elementary School and C.W. Crossley Special Emphasis School. Crossley Elementary School is named for C.W. Crossley.
 
The Corpus Christi Independent School District School Board made decisions to close Crossley Elementary School in 2000 due to the campus operating at 50% percent capacity. The school was old and needed so many repairs done. Crossley School was one of the many underused schools in the Corpus Christi Independent School District. Most Corpus Christi school facilities needed to be upgraded.

Crossley School closed in 2001. The school itself had been through 5 principals. A celebration was held after school was finished. In 2001, the building was abandoned. This building was vacant for over 10 years. The building is still in ruins as of 2018. 

Crossley School is located at 2512 Koepke Street, Corpus Christi, Texas, US 78407.


(Ref: Corpus Christi Caller-Times, CCISD OKs rules for school closings,  District officials say they likely will shut another campus, December 11, 2001)
(Ref: Corpus Christi Caller-Times, Telling Crossley goodbye,  School has two months to pack up, April 6, 2001)
(Ref: Corpus Christi Caller-Times, Crossley prepares for the last day,  Students, teachers, principals remember the 75-year-old school, May 21, 2001)

An in-depth history of Lajitas School explored.

Lajitas School is one of the many forgotten schools in the State of Texas. Only so much history is known about this school. This news article will dive into the in-depth history of Lajitas School.


Lajitas School first opened northwest-bound of the Mariposa mine by FM 170. The school was first located in a room built to the side of the Lajitas Catholic Church (Lajitas Mission) that McGuirk built in 1900. That is where the school gets its Christian theme and background. English and Spanish was taught here from the beginning to end. (Ref: Ghosts of the Big Bend)

In 1921, Lajitas School relocated further down FM 170 into a single story, wooden frame building built in a similar form of a snuff box. The wooden frame snuff box building was the second Lajitas School.

County school funds were depleted by 1930 due to the Terlingua Common School District favoring Perry School. Chisos Mining Company controlled the political structure of the school district. (Ref: Quicksliver: Terlingua and the Chisos Mining Company, p. 140)

The teacher hired for the fall of 1932 suddenly quit. This resulted in Lajitas School being closed down for 3 years until 1935. Both the Perry School and the Lajitas School shared a teacher from 1935 to 1938. Howard Perry operated the Lajitas School during the fall semesters only.

Hazel Matthews was the teacher until being transferred to Perry School in 1937. Ann Ellis served as secretary and school teacher. Chisos Mining Company delayed opening the Lajitas School until the spring semester of 1937. Classes continued that spring.

According to Big Bend Historian Clifford Casey, Lajitas School continued to operate until 1952. It was due to the success of Perry School that Lajitas School ultimately shut down. Lajitas School had shut down due declining enrollment and opening of the Perry School. County funds stopped by then.

In 2002, the Lajitas School building was transformed into a lodge called Lajitas Equestrian Center & Hunting Lodge which is currently in operation. It is known as a hunting lodge by the Lajitas community for the most part. 

The first Lajitas School is located at FM 170, Lajitas, Texas, US 79852.
The second Lajitas School is located at FM 118 & FM 170, Lajitas, Texas, US 79852.

History of Penitas School explored.

Penitas School was built on the property of Penitas Ranch in 1905 approximately towards east central Presidio County. The school was built in a formation as an L-shape building with an L shape house style roof. The L shape building was first built. Both buildings had double door on one side. (Ref: History of Marfa and Presidio County, Texas 1535-1946, 1985)

In 1910 the school expanded by construction of a new building. This building was a long barrack constructed out of adobe clay with a flat roof. A huge bell was located back behind the older building.

Penitas School closed sometime during the 20th century due declining enrollment and lack of local funding. There were not enough students to keep the school running. When Penitas School closed, the property rights reverted back to the owners of the Penitas Ranch. The Penitas School is still located on the Penitas Ranch.

Penitas School is located on Ranch Road 169, Marfa, Texas, US 78943.

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

El Paso Congressman Beto O’Rourke to run against Ted Cruz for Texas Senate.

In early 2018, Congressman Beto O’Rourke from El Paso, Texas publicly announced he would be running against Senator Ted Cruz for Texas Senate. Beto O’Rourke is also running for US Senate against Ted Cruz. However Beto O’Rourke is mainly shifted his focus on primarily running for Texas Senate.

In this past year alone, Beto has managed to gain Hispanic vote across the State of Texas. He plans to gain the Hispanic vote across the United States. In early 2018, Beto O’Rourke ran a 10k race from US to Mexico as a symbol of unity. All this was to gain the Hispanic vote across the United States.

David Ewalt Community Center in limbo after residential bid.

Pontiac resident Demetra Leonard made a $120,000 winning bid on buying out the David Ewalt Community Center in 2013. She bought the property from the City of Pontiac. It is now under private ownership. It is now October 2018 and nothing has happened. The building is sealed and now vacant.

(Ref: https://www.theoaklandpress.com/news/pontiac-receives-in-high-bids-in-auction-of-city-owned/article_3f20007d-d978-5712-be28-f44ce2b5ef63.html)

David Ewalt Community Center is located at 1460 North Perry Street, Pontiac, Michigan US 48340.

Saturday, October 13, 2018

History of Tablito School rediscovered and revealed.

Tablito School was named after a place called La Tablita. Governor Manuel Salcedo and Governor Herrera along with his 12 other officers were escorted from San Antonio de Béxar under an armed guard. They were executed near the site of the battlefield at a place called “La Tablita” in 1813. The killing of Governor Manuel Salcedo and his officers in 1813 was by some of the revolutionaries. A declaration of independence was adopted on April 6, 1813, establishing the First Independent State of Texas of the Mexican Republic, with José Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara as president. (Ref: Castaneda, 1950, p. 99)

Tablito School was built in the area of La Tablita on January 1st, 1917 for Common School District No. 23 aka Elemndorf School District. Bexar County Common School District was responsible for financing and maintaining this school. J. C. Schulz was appointed by a county judge and commissioners to hold an election for increased special school tax and issuance of school bonds.

Tablito School was once located at the intersection of Streich Road & Old Corpus Christi Road just 3½ miles west of Elmendorf. Tablito School was also known as Tablito Elementary School. (Ref: East Central Independent School District Museum map of 1949)

Talbito School had a high percentage of Hispanic students many of whom were Mexican. Over 70% of its student population was Hispanic. It was a “Mexican school” for Hispanic students enrolled in the Elemndorf School District which is why it was called the “Mexican school”. Children spoke Spanish freely while attending Tablito School.

In 1949, the East Central Independent School District was formed and 15 rural schools were united into that one school district. Tablito School was consolidated into East Central Independent School District in 1949. Tablito School was closed in 1951. The Tablito School building was moved about a mile east on Goliad Road.


Today Tablito School is now the David Crocket Grange located at 14309 Old Corpus Christi Road, Elemendorf, Texas, US 78112. David Crocket Grange is a grange hall.

History of Coushatta Indian Village School of Livingston, Texas.

Coushatta Indian Village School is one of the forgotten of few Indian schools of the State of Texas. Only so much information is known about this school in particular. This news article will explain the history behind Indian Village School in Livingston, Texas.


Coushatta Indian Village School as an “Indian school” for Native American Indian students living within the confines of the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation beginning in 1906.

School was taught in a wooden shack that was constructed out of pine wood. Coushatta Indian Village School operated under the Coushatta Indian Village School District No. 17 located in Livingston, Texas. The Coushatta Indian Village School was not eligible for rural aid since the school district did not levy a tax. Languages taught at the school were English, Spanish, and Koasati (Coushatti).

Up until 1916 all of the teaching was done by Mrs. C. W. Chambers for six months each year. The school term was only a six month period. Mrs. C. W. Chambers was the main teacher for this school and she was well respected. Teacher for this school were Mr. J. H. Wilbanks, Mrs. J. H. Wilbanks, and Mrs. C. W. Chambers. Mr. W. Chambers served as principal.

60 scholastics enumerated the 1924-1925 school year. Over 50 students were counted for daily attendance.

At the beginning of the 1927-1928 school year is when the State of Texas made the Coushatta Indian Village School District eligible to receive rural aid. Appropriations of $1,035 were given in state apportionment. Industrial aid was $256 dollars. By 1928 two small frame buildings compromised the Coushatta Indian Village School. One building was specifically for the primary school grades (elementary school grades).

State administration for the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation began in 1930. The state began making appropriations for the reservation and designated the Texas State Board of Control as the supervising agency. The Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools (now TXDADS) managed the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation between 1949 and 1965.

The wooden shack was removed from the site by 1960 leaving Coushatta Indian Village School with the original building in tact. Appropriations were used to build an equipped modern school building sometime during the 20th century. In its place is a new modern school building.


Coushatta Indian Village School is located 1082 Colabe Road, Livingston, Texas, US 77351.

Sunday, October 7, 2018

History of San Juan School in San Antonio, Texas explored.

San Juan School was one of the many forgotten schools of San Antonio and Bexar County next to Berg’s Mill School. Not much is known about the San Juan School in San Antonio, Texas. What is known is that San Juan School was a rural school located way out in the county in San Antonio, Texas. Many historians have not covered this school written in books. Many citizens of San Antonio seemed to have forgotten about this school’s existence or its presence.

San Antonio Independent School District established San Juan School sometime during the mid-to-late 19th century. Its exact year of establishment is unknown. What is known is that San Juan School was an elementary school that was known as San Juan Elementary School and was a co-ed school. Students in grades 1 through 6 were educated here. 7th grade was added later. 

School attendance boasted a small bumbling population. Attendance rate was very high. Student enrollment never went past 300. Most of the pupils were children of Mexican descent. 70% percent of the student population was Mexican.


As early as 1884, San Juan School had faced structural problems and health concerns. A San Antonio Light newspaper article had highlighted the issue in their newspaper that year. Citizens of San Antonio were protesting against San Antonio Independent School District dumping sewage into the San Antonio River. Many of whom were upset.

“The citizens below San Antonio assembled and met at San Juan School House for the purpose of protesting against throwing the sewerage into the San Antonio River. Such interference with the health and use of the water for their household purposes.

The meeting was called to order by Captain D. M. Poor. Ed Braden was appointed Chairman, and Frank Ashley Secretary. The following named gentlemen were appointed to draft a resolution and report the same next Saturday in the San Juan School House at 3 o'clock p.m. for a protest against throwing the filth of the city into the river and that a committee meet on Thursday in the County court room at 10 o'clock a.m.”

(Ref: San Antonio Light, Page 1, Tuesday, January 29, 1884)


School attendance in the 1930s boasted a bumbling population. On average, 30 students attended this school daily. In the 1930s, San Juan School educated students in grades 1 through 6. 7th grade students attended school elsewhere.

Over 60% of the student population was Mexican by 1932. The PTA was very involved with the quality of education upon its students. Manual training and sewing were taught at this school. Boys were taught manual training while girls were taught sewing. Girls learned sewing at a young age. Girls held an intense interest in sewing. Classes in dancing were held. (Ref: San Antonio Express, February 13, 1932)

The 1940s is when 7th grade was added to the school. By the end of the 1960s, over 70% of the student population was Hispanic. Over 200 students had attended this school during that time. 7th grade classes were discontinued.

In 1952, parents complained to the school district and city council that students were being deprived and denied of outdoor activities due to air traffic and noise pollution from Brooks City Air Force Base. Students were deprived of outdoor activities by playing indoors due to air traffic. However nothing happened. The school continued classes and remained open.


San Juan School closed in 1970 after the school building was found to be too closely located within the flight path of Brooks City Air Force Base. This led students to relocated to different schools across the school district.

It was at the suggestion of Frank Tejeda of the Southside Neighborhood Association who requested the school board consider leasing San Juan Elementary School at $1 per year. San Juan Society offered to become a tenant and use the property on a lease from the school district.

San Juan Society began using this building on a lease in 1970. San Juan Society used the San Juan School building as a community center for a year with a lease of $1 a year. The San Juan Society received legal permission from the board to lease the old San Juan School building for community meetings, recreational and educational activities. San Juan School was is the third retired school in the district (SA ISD) to be leased out in 1970 for such purposes. (Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 55, August 28, 1970)

In 1971, San Juan Society requested its lease be cancelled for some apparent reason. The school district delayed the lease. However San Juan Society pulled away slowly from the lease and took business elsewhere. This left the building to sit vacant for a few years until 1975. (Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 3, February 12, 1971)

By 1975, San Antonio Express referred to the school property as improved land for sale by San Antonio Independent School District offers. The school building and property was up for sale. The building was still extant then.
(Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 3, February 18, 1975)
(Ref: San Antonio Express, Page 19, February 18, 1975)

San Antonio Independent School District sold the property to Barthold Gilbert in 1976. The school bundling was demolished in 1977. Barthold Gilbert would own this property until his death in 1981. The lot was sold to a woman named Fay A Kiln in 1982. (Ref: http://bexardata.com/property/id/eBkP3iQ4j)


Restrictions were put on the property as part of the special warranty deed issued on December 14, 1992. The pretty was not to be used for educational purposes meaning that a school could not be operated on such property. $3,000 dollars was paid to Fay A Kiln. A quorum was present. (Ref: Bear County Public Records Doc No. 2372965)

Many people have lived address over the years especially during the beginning of the 2000s. However Fay A Kiln remained on record as property owner. Many people have had their mailing address located at this location.

The school building is no longer extant. No remains of the school are left. Today Fay A Kiln owns the property. She leases the property to various people in San Antonio and of Bexar County.
(Ref: http://bexardata.com/property/id/eBkP3iQ4j)


San Juan School was located at 8630 Old Corpus Christi Road, San Antonio, Texas, US 78223. Its other known address was 8632 Old Corpus Christi Highway San Antonio, Texas, US 78223.
Today its current address is located at 8638 Old Corpus Christi Road, San Antonio, Texas, US 78223.


Berg's Mill School history long forgotten revisited.

Berg’s Mill School is one of the many forgotten schools of San Antonio and Bexar County. The Berg’s Mill School was a rural school located way out in the county in San Antonio, Texas. Not much is known about the Berg’s Mill School or its history. Many historians have not covered this school written in books. Many citizens of San Antonio seemed to have forgotten about this school’s existence or its presence.

Berg’s Mill School was constructed believably as a one room schoolhouse in the year of 1896. The one room schoolhouse was probably built as a single story structure. 1896-1897 is the first school year the Berg’s Mill School operated from. By then Berg’s Mill School was considered both as a rural school and a “county school”. This school was a co-ed school. Most of the pupils were children of Mexican descent.

Student enrollment never went past 100. School attendance boasted a bumbling small population. Despite a small bumbling population of students, attendance seemed not to be very high. School attendance in the 1930s boasted a bumbling population.

Manual training and sewing were taught at this school. Boys were taught manual training while girls were taught sewing. Girls learned sewing at a young age. Girls held an intense interest in sewing.

In 1940, Berg’s Mill School closed. In 1940 when Berg’s Mill School closed, most of its students were transferred over to schools in San Antonio Independent School District. Other students who attended Berg’s Mill School were transferred and redistricted to Harlandale ISD and Southside ISD. Berg’s Mill School pupils were then transferred to San Juan School. Berg’s Mill School closed due to the curbed growth of San Antonio growing southbound and grown in the San Juan neighborhood. Post World War II growth absorbed the population.

Today no trace of Berg’s Mill School remains. The school has been long demolished.